Africa PORTS & SHIPS Maritime News 9 December 2018

Bringing you shipping, freight, trade and transport related news of interest for Africa since 2002
Bringing you shipping, freight, trade and transport related news of interest for Africa since 2002



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  • The masthead today (Sunday) is Richards Bay Coal Terminal






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DE MIST refloated. Picture: David Erickson, appearing in Africa PORTS & SHIPS maritime news
DE MIST refloated.        Picture: David Erickson

Afloat once more, the SA Navy tug DE MIST which sank at her moorings in Still Water Basin, Simon’s Town earlier in November, has been successfully refloated by divers and salvage personnel from the SA Navy. This first picture of the tug after coming to the surface was taken at 18h25 yesterday evening (Wednesday 5 December 2018). See also the article below posted on Tuesday 3 December for more details. Picture by David Erickson



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Anadarko Petrolum Corp. Logo (PRNewsFoto/Anadarko featured in Africa PORTS & SHIPS maritime news

Anadarko Mozambique Area 1, LTDA, a wholly owned subsidiary of Anadarko Petroleum, has on behalf of the co-venturers in Mozambique’s Offshore Area 1, selected the consortium consisting of TechnipFMC and VanOord as the preferred tenderer for the EPCI of the offshore subsea system for its Mozambique LNG project.

Anadarko Petrolum Corp. Logo (PRNewsFoto/Anadarko featured in Africa PORTS & SHIPS maritime news

“Selecting the preferred tenderer for the EPCI contract for the…[restrict] offshore subsea system is another major step for the Anadarko-led Mozambique LNG project in moving toward an expected FID in H1 2019,” said Mitch Ingram, Anadarko Executive Vice President, International, Deepwater and Exploration.

“TechnipFMC and VanOord bring additional proven experience to the project and further demonstrate our continued commitment to advancing this important project toward first cargoes. We congratulate them and look forward to working together toward a safe and successful outcome for the people of Mozambique and our partnership.”

APC and its partners have discovered more than 75 Tcf of natural gas resources in the Prosperidade and Golfinho-Atum complexes in Mozambique’s Offshore Area 1, which will be used to feed an onshore LNG terminal.[/restrict]



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The winning three teams in this year's Innovation Challenge, featured in Africa PORTS & SHIPS maritime news
The winning three teams in this year’s Innovation Challenge

After an inspiring, exciting and gruelling six-month challenge, innovators Smartipants were awarded first place in the Maritime Youth Innovation Challenge at the prize-giving awards ceremony held recently.

This is the fourth Youth Innovation Challenge, the flagship programme of Durban ideas and strategy incubator, Innovate Durban, with the 2018 challenge having a firm focus on the maritime industry.

Celebrating the innovators, a director on Innovate Durban board, Richard Gevers said, “The maritime industry is the heart of our country’s economy. Understanding that, this journey has been inspiring to see our young innovators understanding and stimulating skills and activities around our busy ports.”

The wining team: Smartipants comprising of innovators – Chiemela Onuka; Lindelwa Dlamini; Nonjabulo Gasa; Ntuthuko Msimango and Sandile Goqo. The five strong team focused their idea on port infrastructure enhancement.

Winning themselves a R50,000 grant from top global IT company, Oracle and Innovate Durban; a six-month Acceleration Programme with Innovate Durban; a three-month internship with Transnet, and internship and support with global engineering and infrastructure advisory company, Aurecon. Law firm Adams & Adams will offer free consultations to all three winners, and for the top winner, they are offering free trade mark applications and free registered design application.

Earning second place, the team Load Box made up of Solam Dontsa and Mpumelelo Tembe won a R35,000 grant through the Domino Foundation and Innovate Durban; a six month Acceleration Programme with Innovate Durban, and a three month internship with Transnet. Their challenge touched on the supply chain integration with Transnet.

Third place was tied between Trailblazer and the Sagiya Foundation. The two-man team from Trailblazer focused their challenge on skills-development with shore-side staff in the ports optimising modern-day, technology-driven working environments. Sagiya Foundation’s winning challenge was the idea of a port radio station. They each get a R25,000 grant through Innovate Durban; a three-month internship with Transnet, and six-month Acceleration Programme with Innovate Durban.

All four teams were recognised for their innovations at the CE Transnet Port Terminals awards last month.

Managing Transnet’s innovation portfolio, Willie Coetzee was blown away by the ideas, “The quality of thinking and the proposals presented have been impressive throughout the process. The different concepts all communicated by these guys are fresh and exciting and brings about new thinking in the age-old trade of maritime while addressing pressing problems in the port of Durban.”

DUT Head of Maritime Studies, Leon Govender stated, “This is the only maritime youth challenge that I am aware of in South Africa and it is a strategic asset to the cities and the ports of our country. The maritime industry is pivotal in modern-day existence and it is evolving all the time; and our students are needing to stay bigger all the time – we need to create better green ship technologies. I am pleased to say that DUT is progressive in this field, being one of two universities in South Africa offering maritime courses focusing on seagoing and shore-based livelihoods. Innovate Durban’s maritime challenge is important to our city and I look forward to seeing this challenge grow.”

Johnny Gounden from Oracle encouraged, “Keep current, always be relevant. This is essential to customers and to your company! Be proud of what you have achieved and I encourage you to go and do that and more!”

The themes of the challenges included Infrastructure, Environment, Capacity and Transport & Logistics. The Maritime Youth Innovation Challenge was pre-ambled by a series of workshops to aid the participants to develop solutions to the challenge they had selected. The workshops were led by project partners – for example Oracle offered the participants a two-day java workshop and Aurecon went through a design thinking workshop with the participants.

The various stage winners will be included in Innovate Durban’s Aftercare Programme which consists of mentoring, prototype development, regular brain storming sessions and learning exchanges, trainings and workshops. They also have access to partner organisation programmes and funding opportunities.



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MSC Seaside, featured in drug bust story in Africa PORTS & SHIPS maritime news
MSC Seaside, featured in drug smuggling bust in USA

Four young South Africans, recruited by MSC Cruises among a large group to work on board cruise ships abroad, have been arrested in Miami on charges of smuggling cocaine.

The four, identified as Wandile Mhlongo, Londiwe Shange, Viwe Tshaka and Thembeka Sokhulu, were detained along with three other Jamaican crew members on similar charges. The arrest took place last month after the cruise ship MSC SEASIDE docked in Miami following a visit to Jamaica and other destinations in the Caribbean.

Tshaka comes from Lusikisiki in the Eastern Cape, where a large number of recruits have recently joined MSC Cruises’ ships across the world. The other three ladies are from Durban.

US Customs and Border Protection (CBP) officers boarded the MSC Seaside and “busted a drug smuggling ring” according to American reports.

CBP officers found six kilos of cocaine and over US$100,000 in cash during the raid on the ship. The South Africans are…[restrict] believed to have been involved in carrying the drug ashore in their backpacks.

A crew member on board MSC Seaside told the American Cruise Law News that “A lot of cocaine was found on the ship. The drug smugglers are dangerous and many on the ship are afraid.”

The same report said that another MSC Cruises’ ship, MSC DIVINA had been the scene of another drug bust last year while the ship was in the port of Miami. About 30 crew members were then arrested, from housekeeping, bartenders, and waiters.

“A US staff member (electronics technician) brought the drugs onboard. He was first arrested. Then another 10 crew were arrested and the following cruise when the cruise ship arrived in Miami police arrested more crew members. If I remembered well it was four arrests in a row,” the informant said.

An American report says that the latest raid involving MSC Seaside was made in the early hours of 17 November shortly after the ship docked in the port of Miami from her Caribbean cruise. Law enforcement officers woke many of the crew at gunpoint, it was claimed, searched the crew accommodation areas, with cabins left “looking like hell” and leaving many ship’s crew members traumatised. Afterwards those who were found with the drugs were taken ashore for further questioning. Others were also questioned ashore.

The informant said that the majority of the interrogated crew members were from South Africa, Jamaica and St Lucia (Caribbean).

Some of the crew members complained of being left to their own devices after undergoing cabin searches and interrogation ashore and said that MSC Cruises didn’t provide any support in counselling after what had happened.

The Miami Herald also carried the story saying that six crew members were found with a total of 17 pounds of cocaine on their bodies or in their cabins during a K9 drug sweep of the MSC Seaside on 17 November, according to court filings. A seventh employee, named as Damion Hawthorne, 32, was arrested on charges of recruiting five of the crew members into the smuggling operation.

“Federal prosecutors said Hawthorne recruited Londiwe Shange, 27, Wandile Mhlongo, 29, Thembeka Sokhulu, 36, and Viwe Tshaka, 23, all from South Africa, to pick up drugs when Seaside was docked at the port in Jamaica and deliver them to someone in Miami.

Shange, Mhlongo and Sokhulu told investigators they had been earning around $2,000 for each run over the past couple of months, according to court filings. Tshaka said 17 Nov. was her first time making a run,” quoted the Herald.[/restrict]



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Damen’s first Fishing Seminar success as new leasing fund welcomed by South African fishing community, featured in Africa PORTS & SHIPS maritime news
Damen’s first Fishing Seminar success as new leasing fund welcomed by South African fishing community

Damen’s first Fishing Seminar, held in Cape Town, has been called a great success, with more than 60 participants attending from a broad cross-section of the industry, including the five major South African fishing companies.

“The event was a good opportunity for different stakeholders from various sides of the industry to come together – to engage, listen and understand the current operating environment and various push and pull factors such as the cost of doing business, etc. It was a very informative day,” said Jeremy Marillier, Executive Director of FishSA, the representative of the main industry associations in South Africa.

Marillier added that the fishing industry would welcome more information days like these.

The Fishing Seminar, held on 22 November 2018 at Damen Shipyards Cape Town, was also chosen to launch Damen’s new fund, ‘Africa Ship Leasing’.

“Damen wants to show how it can support the fishing community, both in terms of maintaining the existing fleet and also through the fund, which can help them develop their fleet and potentially replace ageing vessels,” said Benny Bhali, Sales and Marketing Executive at Damen Shipyards Cape Town.

Jeremy Marillier, Executive Director of FishSA, featured in Africa PORTS & SHIPS maritime news
Jeremy Marillier, Executive Director of FishSA

“I think the fishing industry appreciated our efforts.”

He pointed out that it appeared clear that these issues are of interest in other parts of southern Africa as companies from Namibia and Mozambique also attended.

Participants also had a tour of Damen Shipyards Cape Town to highlight the advantages of building vessels ‘in Africa for Africa’.

“We can show shipowners what is possible and how we can help them grow their business,” Bhali said. “Although fishing companies are awarded their quotas, it is not always easy for them to get local financing for investments in their fleet, so the Damen Fund enables them to tap into the international financing market.

“The South African government has some important initiatives to help develop the fleet but it won’t be able to achieve its ambitions on its own” he said. “But by working in partnership with industry and government we can provide creative solutions to move the market forward. Ultimately, I think we have started a conversation with the key players.”

Africa Ship Leasing

Damen has delivered more than 1,200 vessels to customers in Africa over the years. Africa Ship Leasing was established in May 2018 and is already assisting owners in both Nigeria and Angola, with each lease agreement being tailormade. The customer begins by chartering the vessel for a certain number of years, while at the same time repaying the loan and the applicable interest. They then have the option to purchase the vessel during the tenor of the agreement and the obligation after the repayment period.

To date, Damen has constructed and delivered 40 vessels to the African continent from its base in Cape Town, including offshore patrol vessels, dredgers, tugs, naval craft and platform supply vessels, some of which have been built for stock in order to ensure fast delivery. The DSCT Services & Repairs department has provided training, delivery, maintenance & repairs assistance to countries across the globe and especially to African countries seeking to source high quality services from South Africa.

DSCT has a well-established Apprenticeship Training Centre which is accredited by MerSETA and ChietaSETA. Apprentices selected for the Apprenticeship Training Centre program have the opportunity to obtain the necessary skills in order to achieve artisan status in Welding, Boiler Making, Pipe Fitting or Electrical and they are provided with a job opportunity at the same time.

The first, second and third year apprentices are productive on the shop floor under the mentorship of qualified artisans until they pass their Trade Test. Once qualified, all apprentices have the opportunity to be absorbed into the business as artisans. To date, DSCT has trained 63 Apprentices of which 19 are female. DSCT’s Apprenticeship Training Centre is the true reflection of the yard’s commitment to the South African Government’s economic initiative, known as Operation Phakisa, which aims to reach the potential of the South African Maritime Sector, including shipbuilding, and to accelerate economic growth and job creation.

Damen Shipyards Group operates 35 shipbuilding and repair yards, employing 12,000 people worldwide and has delivered more than 6,000 vessels in more than 100 countries and delivers some 160 vessels annually to customers worldwide.

A wide range of products, including tugs, workboats, naval and patrol vessels, high speed craft, cargo vessels, dredgers, vessels for the offshore industry, ferries, pontoons and superyachts are offered.



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The controversial Port of Doraleh, Djibouti, featured in Africa PORTS & SHIPS maritime news
The controversial Port of Doraleh, Djibouti

Djibouti, strategically situated in the Gulf of Aden and seldom out of the news for long this year, has announced the resumption of port service to South Sudan following what it calls the peace in the latter African country.

Djibouti’s Doraleh Multipurpose Port (DMP) CEO, Mr Wahib Daher Aden, said that just before the war in South Sudan broke out, Djibouti was serving South Sudan but had been forced to stop.

“Now as peace is being restored in the country, we are going to….[restrict] restart that service for South Sudan,” he said.

He pointed out that DMP, which began operations in June 2017, had expanded greatly in the recent past. He made no reference to the country’s dispute with port developer and operator DP World which had been forced to leave the country despite winning arbitration court decisions.

“For a small country like Djibouti, building five new ports and a railway connection with Ethiopia in 10 years is a massive infrastructure investment. DMP is really a game changer in the whole industry and the region,” Mr Aden said.

“It is the most efficient port that also serves Ethiopia, and aims at serving Burundi and Rwanda,” he said without elaborating on why Burundi and Rwanda, separated by long distances and several countries in between, would want to use the Djibouti port terminals as opposed to the much closer Mombasa and Dar es Salaam.

“Because Ethiopia is a big country, we want to be chosen by our service. We want to be chosen in eastern Africa because of our modern, customer-oriented and efficient services, which save costs.”

According to Aden, DMP was for the first time expecting to handle its biggest ship bringing an 80,000 tonnes shipment of grain for the Ethiopian government. This would arrive before the end of December, he said.

Djibouti and the recently rebuilt and electrified railway to Ethiopia, featured in Africa PORTS & SHIPS maritime news
Djibouti and the recently rebuilt and electrified railway to Ethiopia

He also pointed out that the recently constructed electric railway line connecting Djibouti with Ethiopia would be linked to DMP within two months.

Once fully operational, goods from DMP would reach Ethiopia’s Modjo Dry Port, about 76km east of Addis Ababa, within 12 hours.

Djibouti has investing heavily in new port developments over the past few years and currently has five specialised ports (terminals) in operation plus an additional two others under construction.

Referring to claims that Djibouti is among the most indebted African countries, Mr Aden responded by saying that no country will provide loans “unless what you do is financially feasible.” source: Business Daily[/restrict]



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Søren Toft, Chief Operating Officer at AP Moller - Maersk, featured in Africa PORTS & SHIPS maritime news
Søren Toft, Chief Operating Officer at AP Moller – Maersk

AP Moller – Maersk aims at having carbon neutral vessels commercially viable by 2030 and calls for strong industry involvement

Maersk said this week that in order to accelerate the transition to carbon neutral shipping, it was setting its goal to reach carbon neutrality by 2050.

To achieve this goal, carbon neutral vessels must…[restrict] be commercially viable by 2030, and an acceleration in new innovations and adaption of new technology is required.

“Climate is one of the most important issues in the world, and carrying around 80% of global trade, the shipping industry is vital to finding solutions. By now, Maersk´s relative CO2 emissions have been reduced by 46% (baseline 2007), approx. 9% more than the industry average,” Maersk said.

The Danish shipping giant added that as world trade and thereby shipping volumes will continue to grow, efficiency improvements on the current fossil based technology can only keep shipping emissions at current levels but not reduce them significantly or eliminate them.

“The only possible way to achieve the so-much-needed decarbonisation in our industry is by fully transforming to new carbon neutral fuels and supply chains,” said Søren Toft, Chief Operating Officer at AP Moller – Maersk.

Maersk said it was putting its efforts towards solving problems specific to maritime transport, as it called for different solutions than automotive, rail and aviation. The yet to come electric truck is expected to be able to carry max 2 TEU and is projected to run 800km per charging. In comparison, a container vessel carrying thousands of TEU sailing from Panama to Rotterdam makes around 8,800 km.

With short battery durability and no charging points along the route, innovative developments are imperative.

Given the 20-25-year life time of a vessel, it is now time to join forces and start developing the new type of vessels that will be crossing the seas in 2050.

“The next 5-10 years are going to be crucial. We will invest significant resources for innovation and fleet technology to improve the technical and financial viability of decarbonised solutions. Over the last four years, we have invested around US$ 1 billion and engaged 50+ engineers each year in developing and deploying energy efficient solutions. Going forward we cannot do this alone,” Toft said.

Research & Development is key to take the industry away from today’s fossil based technology and by setting this ambitious target, Maersk hopes to generate a pull towards researchers, technology developers, investors, cargo owners and legislators that will activate strong industry involvement, co-development, and sponsorship of sustainable solutions that we are yet to see in the maritime industry.

In 2019, Maersk is planning to initiate open and collaborative dialogue with all possible parties to tackle together one of the most important issues in the world; the climate change.[/restrict]



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A combined Africa, when all are members of the African Continental Free Trade Agreement, featured in report in Africa PORTS & SHIPS maritime news

Trade and Industry Minister Rob Davies has welcomed Parliament’s ratification of the agreement establishing the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA).

Davies said South Africa is expected to deposit the instrument of ratification during the 32nd Ordinary Session of the Assembly of the African Union in February 2019.

The agreement will enter into force once 22 Member States have deposited their instruments of ratification.

“The AfCFTA, comprises 55 African countries and, once entered into force, will constitute the largest Free Trade Area globally.

“As a flagship project of the African Union’s Agenda 2063: The Africa We Want, the AfCFTA aims to build an integrated market in Africa that will see a market of over one billion people with a combined GDP of approximately US$3.3 trillion,” Davies said on Tuesday.

The United Nations Economic Commission for Africa estimates that the AfCFTA will increase intra-Africa trade from the current 10%-16% to approximately 52% by the year 2022.

The AfCFTA was launched during an Extra-Ordinary Summit of African Union Heads of State and Government on 21 March 2018 in Kigali, Rwanda.

South Africa signed the agreement during the 31st Ordinary Session of the Assembly of the African Union on 1 July 2018 in Nouakchott, Mauritania. To date, 49 countries have signed the Agreement, while Kenya, Ghana, Rwanda, Eswatini, Chad, Niger, Sierra Leone, Uganda and Guinea Conakry have deposited their instruments of ratification.

The Minister said the AfCFTA is anchored on the development integration approach, which places emphasis on market integration, infrastructure development, and industrial development in order to boost intra-Africa trade.

“In support of these objectives, the AfCFTA Agreement covers both goods and services under Phase I and will include investment, intellectual property and competition under Phase II of the negotiations,” said Davies.

The agreement will create a single set of rules for trade and investment among all African countries and provides legal certainty for traders and investors through the harmonisation of trade regimes.

“It also facilitates intra-Africa investment and increases the continent’s prospects of stimulating industrialisation, employment, income generation and poverty reduction,” said the Minister. source:



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African Nations met in Kigali to sign the AfCFTA in March this year, featured in Africa PORTS & SHIPS maritime news
African Nations met in Kigali to sign the AfCFTA in March this year

Uganda has become the latest on the continent to submit the instruments of ratification of the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA). The development was confirmed by Moussa Faki Mahamat, the Chairperson of the African Union Commission (AU) who is hopeful that other countries would follow suit.

As of July 2018, six countries had submitted ratification instruments – Ghana, Kenya, Rwanda, Niger, Chad, and Eswatini with the expectation that many more would do so before the end of the year. South Africa’s Parliament has just ratified the Agreement enabling its signing – see next story.

In March 2018, 44 African countries out of the 55 AU member states signed the vital continental free trade agreement in Kigali, Rwanda to enable the long-awaited economic integration and movement of goods and persons across member states.

This agreement was first introduced in January 2012 during the 18th Ordinary Session of the Assembly of Heads of State and Government of the African Union, held in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. The member states adopted the decision to establish the Continental Free Trade Area by 2017.

The agreement is meant to establish a single continental market for goods and services; enhance free movement of business persons and investments; enhance competitiveness at the industry and enterprise level through exploiting opportunities for full-scale production.

It will also bring together the 1.2 billion African population with a combined gross domestic product (GDP) of more than US$2 trillion with the commitments of the countries to remove tariffs on 90 per cent of goods, with 10 per cent of “sensitive items” to be phased in later.

However, 11 countries at the time did not sign the agreement for diverse reasons. The countries are Nigeria, South Africa (which later signed in July), Benin, Botswana, Burundi, Eritrea, Guinea-Bissau, Lesotho, Namibia, Sierra Leone and Zambia.

One of the reasons for these countries not to sign is that they faced pressures from business leaders and labour unions who believe the agreement could affect their economies. In South Africa’s case there were legal reasons.

Five more countries signed the AfCFTA at the African Union (AU) summit in Mauritania in June, bringing the total number of countries committing to the agreement to 49 by the end of July.

For the agreement to take effect, at least 22 countries must submit instruments of ratification to commence the process. Depositing the instruments of ratification means the country has undertaken all required internal legislative and legal measures in readiness to implement the agreement.

During the signing of the agreement in March this year, African Union Member countries set a deadline of 180 days to ratify the agreement through their respective legislative bodies.

The UN Economic Commission for Africa’s (ECA) Conference recently urged African countries to speed up the ratification and adoption process of the agreement with reasons that it is a powerful tool for driving industrialisation, economic diversification and development.

The implementation of the agreement could also boost intra-African trade from its current level of 16 per cent to 52 per cent by 2022, according to estimates by the ECA. source: TMEA


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Port of Tema, Featured in Africa PORTS & SHIPS maritime news
Port of Tema

Ghana’s Deputy Minister of Transport, Daniel Titus-Glover has officially launched the Ghana Ship Suppliers Association.

The association made up of ship chandlers has committed itself to making a significant impact in the maritime industry and in helping transform the port industry in Ghana.

Titus-Glover urged members of the association to upgrade their skills in order to…[restrict] attract more investors for their business.

We need to upgrade our skills and I am sure that the Regional Maritime University will offer opportunities for you to return and upskill yourselves, he said.

The Deputy Minister also urged the association to purge itself of miscreants and also take advantage of ICT to boost their business.

“We are also in an ICT world,” he said, urging members to take advantage of available software to make their business in supplying ships more efficient.

Tema Port Director Edward Kofi Osei said Ghana’s Port Authority is working diligently to increase the volume of cargo coming through the port from 14 million tons per year to 20million tons.

He said the Tema Port expansion project will open up the country for more businesses including transhipment, hence, the need for the Ghana Ship Suppliers association to properly position themselves.

“We also know that with the MPS expansion, Tema port and Ghana will become a hub in West Africa and with that there would be an increase in the number of vessels that will be calling at Tema port and transhipment is going to go through the roof,” he stated.

The Vice Chancellor of the Regional Maritime University, Prof Elvis Nyarko urged members of the association to conform to international best practices in their business activities.

“As a trade association I urge you to ensure that your members conform to and also apply international best practices into your business activities as you carry along the image of Ghana to where every you may be, I will also plead with you that as you expand please think of the youth who are looking up to you for jobs.”[/restrict]



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Valour class frigates of the SA Navy, featured in Africa PORTS & SHIPS maritime news
Valour class frigates of the SA Navy

The Chief of the SA Navy, Vice Admiral Mosiwa Hlongwane, will officiate during the Junior Officer’s Graduation Parade in Gordon’s Bay on Friday, 7 December 2018. The parade takes place at 11h00.

A total of 53 junior officers will graduate; from there…[restrict] they will proceed to the Fleet and various functional and academic training institutions. The task of the SA Naval College is to prepare junior officers for appointments as officers in the SA Navy. This is where all officers of the SA Navy receive their common grounding as they qualify to become motivated and well-trained junior officers.

The military professional education, training and development of young men and women make a direct and significant contribution to national development and the future success of South Africa. Apart from the necessary military knowledge and skills, the development of the attributes expected of an officer is instilled. The college prides itself in providing the Fleet with quality naval officers through dynamic training.[/restrict]


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Source: EU NAVFOR, featuring in Africa PORTS & SHIPS maritime news

On Tuesday this week, 4 December 2018, EU NAVFOR’s Force Commander, Rear Admiral Alfonso Pérez de Nanclares handed back command of Operation Atalanta Forces to the Operational Headquarters in Djibouti.

The Change of Command Ceremony took place during a reception held on board ESPS Castilla on the occasion of 10 years of continued presence of EU NAVFOR in the Western Indian Ocean.

The Head of the EU Delegation to Djibouti, Ambassador Adam Kulach, highlighted in his…[restrict] keynote address the successes achieved by Operation Atalanta and thanked the Republic of Djibouti for hosting EU forces and collaborating closely with the operation.

He stressed that maritime security has always been an important issue for the EU as the waters from Suez to Socotra are carrying more than $800 billion of annual trade. The Ambassador highlighted that “the recent extension of the mandate of Operation Atalanta is a clear signal that the EU remains committed to uphold freedom of navigation and I am sure that over the next two years the force will build upon the achievements reached so far.”

Over the last four months, Rear Admiral Nanclares commanded warships, maritime patrol aircraft and autonomous vessel protection detachments on board World Food Programme vessels to contribute to the free flow of commerce through the Indian Ocean and to protect the delivery of humanitarian aid into Somalia.

During his command, the Force Commander has overseen various operations conducted close to the Somali coast to deter pirate activities and to support the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organisation as well as EUCAP Somalia to enable local Somali fishing communities to enhance their capabilities whilst at the same time increasing the understanding of local law enforcement agencies.

These operations were complemented by interactions with local security forces in Bosasso and Mogadishu. The Force Commander took the opportunity on a regular basis to inform Somali authorities such as the Deputy Prime Minister Mahdi Gulaid and the Puntland Minister of Transport, Saeed Mohamed Rageh, on EU NAVFOR activities.

Reflecting on the last 10 years, the Deputy Commander of EU NAVFOR, Rear Admiral Giuseppe Rapese, highlighted that although pirate attacks still occur, commercial shipping can transit the region in relative safety, knowing that naval forces are present and able to assist if necessary.

He went on to say: “Piracy is suppressed, not eradicated. It was this Force Headquarters, which reacted timely after the last attack to ensure that maritime security was restored in the area. Alfonso, you and your units ensured that pirates’ equipment would have been no longer available for any further use. You have all my respect for the appropriate measures taken which unequivocally boosted our deterrence function.”

In his address to the audience, Rear Admiral Nanclares stressed that during his tour he continued to foster cooperation, coordination and the sharing information with all other forces and agencies present in the area.

Close relationships established over the last 10 years were signalled by the presence of political and military authorities present in Djibouti including Captain Ali Al-Rashidi, Kuwait Navy, Commander of Combined Maritime Forces (CMF) counter piracy Task Force 151 based in Bahrain and also General Eric Gernez commander of the French Forces in Djibouti who host the German and the Spanish MPRA squadron.[/restrict]


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Comoros Blocks 35-37, courtesy Bahari Resources, featured in Africa PORTS & SHIPS maritime news
Comoros Blocks 35-37, courtesy Bahari Resources

Tullow Oil, the multinational oil and gas exploration company from Tullow in Ireland but now headquartered in London, has signed a binding agreement with Discover Exploration Comoros for a 35% working interest in Blocks 35, 36 and 37 offshore the Comoros in the northern Mozambique Channel.

Tullow Comoros will become the operator and will…[restrict] partly carry Discover Exploration for a 3D seismic survey and the first exploration well. The transaction is subject to governmental consent. Tullow Comoros is a wholly-owned subsidiary of Tullow Oil.

Simultaneously, Discover has signed a binding agreement to acquire (subject to certain conditions) the entire issued share capital of Bahari Resources, its 40% joint venture partner in the Comoros PSC.

Following completion of both transactions, Discover will hold a 65% non-operated working interest in the Comoros PSC (through its wholly-owned subsidiaries Discover Exploration Comoros and Bahari), while Tullow will hold the remaining 35% and operatorship (through its wholly-owned subsidiary Tullow Comoros Limited).

The Comoros PSC covers a deep water area of 16,063 sq km and is outboard of circa 200 trillion cubic feet (‘TCF’) of gas in place discovered in Rovuma Areas 1 and 4, offshore Mozambique. The joint venture partners of Rovuma Areas 1 and 4 include Anadarko Petroleum Corp, China National Offshore Oil Corp. (CNOOC), Eni, ExxonMobil Corp, Mitsui & Co. and PTT Exploration and Production (PTTEP).

ERCE, the UK-based independent energy consulting group, estimates that two partly stacked prospects in Comoros blocks 35, 36 & 37 together contain gross mean unrisked prospective resources of circa 7.1 billion barrels of oil (+1.1 TCF of associated gas) in an oil case or 49 TCF of non-associated gas (+2.3 billion barrels of condensate) in a gas case.

Following ratification of the Comoros PSC in 2014, Discover and Bahari acquired and interpreted circa 3,900 km of 2D seismic data, and conducted a range of exploratory studies. This farm out to Tullow marks the successful completion of the first exploration period. The partnership is now preparing to acquire a 3D seismic survey, the first ever in the Comoros. source: Tullow[/restrict]


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Tau Morwe, Acting Group Chief Executive, featured in Africa PORTS & SHIPS maritime news
Tau Morwe, Acting Group Chief Executive, tasked with finding new strategic direction for the group

The Transnet Board of Directors and its top management held a board strategy workshop in Limpopo last week, where a new strategy to take the company forward was crafted.

The central theme and thrust of the strategy workshop was to review the deteriorating financial and operational performance of Transnet. The Board also agreed on key strategic interventions to arrest the decline and craft a new growth trajectory.

The board of directors said they wish to share with the South African public the key decisions flowing from the workshop to urgently reorganise and rationalise Transnet’s operating model and corporate structure adopted by both the board and executive management.

* The first resolution is on the principles for the corporate design of a new operating model underpinned by financial sustainability, customer centricity and operational excellence.

* The second resolution is to sub-delegate and mandate the Acting Group Chief Executive, Mr Tau Morwe to develop a revised operating model, corporate structure and new Group Executive including its supporting implementation strategy for submission to the Board by latest end of February 2019.

* The third resolution was the dissolution of the current Group Leadership Team (GLT) and its replacement by an interim group executive team – until the new Executive Committee is established in terms of the new operating model and corporate structure.

In a statement the Board said it is confident that the new strategy will assist in positioning Transnet in a trajectory that will contribute to a growing economy. “This will stimulate economic growth and achieve economic efficiency in the movement of goods across the country,” said chairman Mr Popo Molefe.

The strategy workshop follows closely behind the dismissal of former Transnet Group Chief Executive Mr Siyabonga Gama and the suspension of several other key executives linked to several scandals, notably one concerning the purchase of over a thousand locomotives from various manufacturers. It is claimed that hefty kickbacks amounting to billions of Rands resulted from contracts awarded to a Chinese locomotive builder.



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South Africa, economy recovering from recession, featured in Africa PORTS & SHIPS maritimw news
South Africa, economy recovering from recession, or just an interlude?

South Africa has come out of a technical recession with the economy growing by 2.2% in the third quarter of 2018, said Statistics South Africa (Stats SA).

“We can inform the public that the economy has expanded by 2.2% in the third quarter of 2018. Year-on-year growth was 1.1% and nine month on nine month it was at 0.8%,” said Statistician General Risenga Maluleke.

“We made revisions on second quarter of 2018. The previous…[restrict] growth rate at the time was a negative 0.7% after looking at the revisions we are now sitting on 0.4% in the second quarter,” he said at a media briefing yesterday (Tuesday 4 December).

Third quarter growth — which was expected by economists — followed on two consecutive quarters of negative growth.

Nedbank economists said they expected the economy to improve to 2.2% mainly on the back of the low base set in the first and second quarters.

In its analysis on Monday, Nedbank said sectors expected to show improvement included manufacturing, domestic trade, transport and communication and the financial sector.

Statistics South Africa said the rise in GDP numbers was largely as a result of increased economic activity in manufacturing, transport and communication as well as finance, real estate and business services.

The manufacturing sector expanded by 7.5% while finance, real estate and business services increased by 2.3%. Increased economic activity was reported for financial intermediation, insurance and auxiliary activities among others.

Meanwhile, mining decreased by 8.8% contributing -0.7% of percentage point to GDP growth.

Expenditure on real gross domestic product grew by 2.3% in the third quarter.

Meanwhile, nominal GDP was estimated at R1.27 trillion in the third quarter increasing by R40 billion from the second quarter.

Standard Bank in a research note forecast real GDP at an average of 0.9% and 1.8% for 2018 and 2019, respectively.

“We are however, increasingly concerned about the downside risks to growth over the next few months. The South African Reserve Bank’s (SARB’s) leading indicator has not shown meaningful acceleration in months,” said Standard Bank economists.

Gross fixed capital formation decreased by 5.1% with the main contributors to the decline were activities associated with construction works, transport equipment, non-residential buildings and transfer costs.

Meanwhile, imports of goods and services increased by 26.7% driven largely by an increase in imports of machinery and electrical equipment and vehicles and transport equipment. source:[/restrict]



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The railway line and bridge that has been knocked out of alignment between Vredendal and Lutzville on the Sishen-Saldanha ore line, blocking traffic for more than a week. Featured in Africa PORTS & SHIPS maritime news
The railway line and bridge that has been knocked out of alignment between Vredendal and Lutzville on the Sishen-Saldanha ore line

The strategic iron ore railway line between Sishen in the Northern Cape and the port of Saldanha is to be reopened to traffic on Monday 9 December 2018, Transnet has confirmed.

This follows the decision to stop all rail activity along the Saldanha iron ore export line following an accident where…[restrict] a road truck carrying an abnormal load with excessive height collided with a railway bridge between Vredendal and Lutzville in the Western Cape.

The accident resulted in damage to a railway line network and compromised the integrity of the railway bridge, resulting in an immediate stop of rail movement along the route.

Transnet’s maintenance teams have since been deployed to the accident scene where they are hard at work to restore the line.

Initial indications were that the repairs will take fourteen days but an assessment report has since showed that the repairs will be done earlier than the initial anticipated timelines.

As a result of the disruption to rail deliveries at the port together with a hesitant Chinese market the recovery in capesize earnings has begun to slow.[/restrict]


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De Mist is gradually emerging…… photos taken today at 13:43 hrs. Picture: David Erickson
De Mist is gradually emerging…… photos taken yesterday (Tuesday 4 Dec) at 13:43 hrs. Picture: David Erickson

After the SA Navy tug DE MIST, which is awaiting disposal, sank at her moorings on Saturday 10 November (see our report CLICK HERE), she settled on her port side in between 8 and 10 metres os water in the Still Water Basin of the navy base at Simon’s Town.

The navy took the decision to salvage the tug themselves and have since been engaged on this mission. After attaching lifting bags to one side of the tug they managed to roll her onto the other side to which bags were then fitted, allowing the tug to come to a more upright position, albeit with an angle of about 30 degrees to starboard. Divers could then work on both sides of the vessel.

The navy divers then began closing all vents and watertight hatches inside the tug to make her as airtight as possible.

In a current up-to-date report, reader David Erickson has provided the accompanying unique photographs and this interesting report:

De Mist is gradually emerging…… photos taken yesterday (Tuesday) at 13h43 hrs

The Mooring Lighter is a key component of the operation to raise the sunken tug.

This vessel was built for the British Admiralty in 1900 by Fleming & Ferguson at their Phoenix shipbuilding yard at Paisley, Scotland, United Kingdom. She was then disassembled into sections and shipped from Deptford, London, to Simon’s Town where she was reassembled.

It is 116 years since she was commissioned for service with the King’s Harbour Master’s Department in Simon’s Town, on 19 February 1902. Originally steam powered, she now has diesel-hydraulic capstans and winches; however, these have not been used; instead, the tug ZTAG Umalusi has been positioned stern-to-stern and the Umalusi’s towing winch cable is being used (via the sheaves atop the Mooring Lighter’s horns) to lift the bow of the De Mist.

Two spare crown anchor buoys have been pressed into service as flotation devices at the De Mist’s stern, which is still submerged in these photos.

Raising the tug De Mist,
Pictures and report courtesy: David Erickson



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HMS Echo, to be deployed to the Black Sea. Picture: Royal Navy
HMS Echo, to be deployed to the Black Sea.      Picture: Royal Navy

The UK and Ukraine will continue to strengthen their defence partnership in the face of intensifying threats and aggression, the Defence Secretary reaffirmed on 21 November.

In a meeting with the visiting Ukrainian Defence Minister Stepan Poltorak, Gavin Williamson announced a range of forthcoming deployments and exercises that will see the two countries’ Armed Forces continue to work together in defence of the international rules-based order.

Defence Secretary Gavin Williamson said: “As long as Ukraine faces Russian hostilities, it will find a steadfast partner in the United Kingdom. By continuing to work together, whether through training programmes or military exercises, we help Ukraine to stand up for our shared values.

“Those values of freedom and democracy cannot be traded. I have witnessed on the frontline the effects of the conflict in the East and this has completely reinforced my support for Ukraine’s sovereignty, independence and territorial integrity.”

Minister of Defence of Ukraine Stepan Poltorak said: “The United Kingdom is a valued partner that has supported Ukraine’s Armed Forces for the last four years in the face of Russian aggression. As we fight to defend our territory, the offer of extended support from the UK Armed Forces is vitally important and gratefully received.”

The Defence Secretary announced at the meeting that HMS Echo would deploy to the Black Sea in 2019 to demonstrate the UK’s support to ensuring freedom of navigation in the region.

It was also confirmed that, in January and February next year, training teams – made up of personnel from the Royal Navy, Royal Marines and the Army – will deploy to Ukraine as part of the extension to the UK’s military training operation announced by Gavin Williamson on his visit to the country in September.

The UK and Ukrainian Armed Forces will gain another opportunity to develop capability and share expertise when UK contributes to the US-Ukrainian led Exercise Sea Breeze next year.

While visiting Ukraine in September, where he visited the east of the country to see first-hand the effects of the ongoing conflict, the Defence Secretary announced that the UK would be extending its military training programme, delivered through Operation Orbital, until 2020.

Since the start of 2015, British personnel have trained over 9,500 of the Ukrainian Armed Forces.

Edited by Paul Ridgway

Stepan Poltorak the Minister of Defence of Ukraine visits the Rt Hon Gavin Williamson CBE MP, Secretary of State for Defence at the Ministry of Defence. Pictur: RN, featured in Africa PORTS & SHIPS maritime news
Stepan Poltorak the Minister of Defence of Ukraine who has just visited the Rt Hon Gavin Williamson CBE MP, Secretary of State for Defence at the Ministry of Defence. Picture: RN



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Vice Admiral Timothy Fraser CB (left) and Vice Admiral Tony Radakin CB, appearing in Africa PORTS & SHIPS maritime news
Vice Admiral Timothy Fraser CB (left) and Vice Admiral Tony Radakin CB.      Pictures courtesy Royal Navy

On 3 December (UK) Defence Secretary Gavin Williamson reported that HM The Queen has approved the following senior appointments to the top echelon of the Armed Services:

Vice-Admiral Timothy Fraser CB is to be promoted Admiral and appointed Vice Chief of the Defence Staff, in succession to General Gordon Messenger;

Vice-Admiral Tony Radakin CB is to be promoted Admiral and appointed First Sea Lord and Chief of Naval Staff, in succession to Admiral Sir Philip Jones;

There are also corresponding Army and Royal Air Force senior appointments

Defence Secretary Gavin Williamson said:…[restrict] “I am delighted to congratulate this new group of defence chiefs on their appointments. Forward-looking and keen to modernise the Armed Forces, these are the transformational leaders we need in these challenging times.

“The appointment of a new generation of commanders will ensure that Britain remains ready to face the threats of tomorrow and continues to be a major player on the world stage.”


Vice-Admiral Tim Fraser CB

Vice Admiral Timothy Fraser,   picture: RN

Tim Fraser (left) was educated at Lord Williams’ School in Oxfordshire and joined the Royal Navy in 1982. A surface warfare officer, he has had the privilege of commanding four ships: the patrol craft HMS Archer (1989-1991); the T42 Destroyers HMS Gloucester (1997-1998) and HMS Cardiff (2001-2003; as the Captain Fifth Destroyer Squadron); and the aircraft carrier HMS Illustrious (2006-2007).

He has also served as the United Kingdom Maritime Component Commander in Bahrain (May 2010 to November 2011), commanding Royal Navy and Royal Fleet Auxiliary ships in the Middle East, and additionally serving under the Commander US Fifth Fleet as the Deputy Commander of the Combined Maritime Forces.

In between sea and operations appointments he has served as the Surface Flotilla Staff Navigating Officer, as an Assistant Director in the Navy’s Personnel Strategy Directorate and as the Head of Navy Resources and Plans on the Central Staff (2007-2010).

On promotion to Rear-Admiral in January 2012 he led the Navy Command HQ Defence Reform implementation in 2012 prior to serving as the Senior British Military Advisor at CENTCOM HQ in Tampa, Florida (September 2012- January 2014).

On return from the States he spent three years in the MoD as the Assistant Chief of Defence Staff (Capability and Force Design), which included SDSR 15. He was appointed as Chief of Joint Operations in June 2017 on promotion to Vice Admiral.

Tim Fraser attended the UK Higher Command and Staff Course in 2006 and the US Pinnacle Course at the Joint and Coalition Warfighting Centre in April 2012. He was made a Companion of the Bath (CB) in the 2015 Queen’s Birthday Honours List.

Vice-Admiral Tony Radakin CB


Vice Admiral Tony Radakin, featured in Africa PORTS & SHIPS maritime news Picture courtesy: Royal Navy
Vice Admiral Tony Radakin. Picture: RN

Tony Radakin (left) was appointed Second Sea Lord and Deputy Chief of the Naval Staff in March 2018.

Commissioned in 1990, his early sea service was as an Officer of the Watch in HMS Leeds Castle, navigator of HMS Andromeda, command of HMS Blazer and then serving as operations officer in HMS Beaver. This period incorporated security duties in the Falklands, NATO embargo operations in the Adriatic, as well as escort duties in the Iran/Iraq Tanker war, and countering smuggling in Hong Kong and the Caribbean.

Commands have ranged from Lieutenant to Rear-Admiral of ashore, afloat and with international forces. This includes HMS Blazer and Southampton University Royal Navy Unit (URNU), HMS Norfolk, the Naval Training Team in Iraq (where he was awarded the Bronze Star), the Iraqi Maritime Task Force, Portsmouth Naval Base, and Commander of UK Maritime Forces and NATO’s High Readiness Maritime Component Commander. It also encompasses commanding in Iraq on Operation Telic three times as a commander, captain and commodore.

Other than Britannia Royal Naval College, his staff appointments have been in either joint or defence roles. These consist of operational planning at Permanent Joint Headquarters, military assistant to the Under Secretary of State for Defence, a financial and capability programmer in the Equipment Plan Directorate, military assistant to the Vice Chief of the Defence Staff, and Head of Strategy Management (involving finance, capability planning and strategic force development). Most recently he was Chief of Staff of the Joint Forces Command with specific responsibilities for people, infrastructure and the UK’s permanent overseas bases.

His education includes reading law at Southampton University, qualifying as a barrister, the Advanced Command and Staff Course, an MA in International Relations and Defence Studies, and the Higher Command and Staff Course. He has also graduated from several US courses including the US Combined Forces Maritime Component course, Capstone course and the inaugural UK/US Future Leaders’ course. In 2017 he attended the London Business School’s Senior Executive Programme.[/restrict]

Edited by Paul Ridgway



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One section of the Durban Car Terminal, featured in Africa PORTS & SHIPS maritime news
One section of the Durban Car Terminal

Transnet Port Terminals (TPT) has rolled-out an Automated Service Instruction entry (SIE) system which uses a portal and/or electronic data interface (EDI) to all its Durban Automotive customers, abandoning the manual processing of paperwork for the export, import and transshipment of vehicles.

More than one hundred TPT customers, supply chain partners and various other stakeholders in KwaZulu-Natal, Gauteng and beyond South Africa’s borders who utilise the Durban Car Terminal will have the ability to exchange information at an improved speed including Original Equipment Manufacturers, second hand car dealers and their Clearing and Forwarding agents.

This follows a pilot on the portal with Original Equipment Manufacturer Toyota South Africa Motors.

“Our current Transnet 4.0 strategy places a huge emphasis on how we maximize the digital environment to make the life of the customer simpler while reducing the cost of doing business and SIE automation is another way we are attempting that,” says TPT General Manager for Sales and New Business Siyabonga Mhlaluka.

He added that the benefits of the automation will reduce document processing time from 72 to 24 hours, making it possible for customers to continue production and shipping as close to vessel sailing times as possible – something that could not happen before.

Another benefit is that time previously spent by customer resources manually capturing data, going in and out offices to submit documents is now used to maximise resource capacity and enhance productivity.

Digital always ensures the reduction in operational expenditure due to less printing and storage costs associated with paper with the benefit of electronically having access to records of all transactions, whenever required.

SIE automation was developed by in-house resources within TPT’s Information Technology and Communications department.

Ultimately the system will create flexibility and capacity planning in the port, and will launch fully in East London and Port Elizabeth in February next year.

“At TPT we’ve somehow figured out that innovation is not a nice term to throw around when convenient,” said Mhlaluka. “It’s becoming more and more a practice and the results – although slow to implement because of due diligence required, are coming in.”

TPT has previously created a web-based General Cargo Operating System called GCOS which enhances security of break bulk cargo and automotive, offers simple user interface and greater data integrity compared to the old manual method.

GCOS is a commercial product that some of the West African ports are already using.

Another view of the Point Docks section of the Durban Car terminal, featured in Africa PORTS & SHIPS maritime news
Another view of the Point Docks section of the Durban Car terminal



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Personnel from across British Forces Cyprus played their part in supporting HMS Diamond during her short visit to Cyprus as a part of her wider mission in the Eastern Mediterranean. Photo: MoD Crown Copyright 2018 © Featured in a report in Africa PORTS & SHIPS maritime news
Personnel from across British Forces Cyprus played their part in supporting HMS Diamond during her short visit to Cyprus as a part of her wider mission in the Eastern Mediterranean. Photo: MoD Crown Copyright 2018 ©

Personnel from across British Forces Cyprus played their part in supporting HMS DIAMOND during her short visit to Cyprus as a part of her wider mission in the Eastern Mediterranean. This was reported on 29 November.

Diamond, a Type 45 Destroyer, anchored off…[restrict] the coast of Cyprus in October where they sent personnel ashore to work alongside the RAF Air Component Command. This also afforded them the opportunity to pick up a range of supplies to help them continue their mission.

“In addition to some invaluable training and integration with our RAF colleagues, we were able to take on medical supplies, munitions, naval stores and conduct personnel transfers” explained a spokesperson from HMS Diamond.

The visit also provided a vital and unusual training opportunity for personnel at RAF Akrotiri. Corporal Natalie Bain from the dog section was able to take Charlton, her military working drug detection dog (both pictured here), on board to search for drugs in a simulated exercise.

“We don’t normally get this type of opportunity,” said Cpl Bain, “It was a great piece environmental training for us both, working on board ship is a rare occurrence for us and it was a hugely beneficial exercise.”[/restrict]

Edited by Paul Ridgway



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Seismic survey vessels similar to Ramform Sovereign (above) have been observed in operations of the South Africa East Coast. Featured in a report in Africa PORTS & SHIPS maritime news
Seismic survey vessels similar to Ramform Sovereign (above) have been observed in operations of the South Africa East Coast.

In January 2018, environmental consultant ERM (Environmental Resources Management) submitted an Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) application on behalf of Italian oil company Eni seeking environmental authorisation to drill up to six deep water wells offshore of the East Coast of South Africa (Block ER236) in water depths up to 3000m.

On 17 September ERM notified interested and affected parties that a new EIA process approved by the Petroleum Agency of South Africa (PASA) had commenced, and a draft EIA report was made available for public comment.

The WILDTRUST (with a marine conservation programme – WILDOCEANS) is one of the many organisations that has submitted comment to ERM regarding their environmental impact assessment report.

“A key concern relating to any offshore oil and gas exploration drilling programme is…[restrict] the risk of a catastrophic oil spill occurring, and the environmental and socio-economic impacts such a spill can have,” said Dr Jean Harris, Executive Director of the WILDOCEANS programme.

The ecological and socio-economic impacts associated with the 2010 Deepwater Horizon well blowout and subsequent oil spill clearly illustrates this risk.

In addition to the loss of 11 lives, that single event resulted in the release of 124 million gallons of oil, which spread over 43,300 square miles off the Gulf of Mexico and 1,300 miles offshore line in several states. Part of a settlement between BP and Federal and state governments, BP has agreed to pay over $8 billion for natural resource damages caused by the spill and for restoration of natural resources in the Gulf of Mexico region.

Those damages include severe adverse effects on wildlife, wetlands and other wildlife habitat, recreation and tourism, and commercial fishing. The released oil was toxic to a wide range of organisms, including fish, invertebrates, plankton, birds, turtles and mammals… [and] caused a wide array of toxic effects, including death, disease, reduced growth, impacted reproduction, and physiological impairments that made it more difficult for organisms to survive and reproduce.

“The level of insurance Eni has to cover the clean-up costs of a catastrophic oil spill has not been disclosed in the draft EIA report by ERM,” comments Attorney Kirsten Youens representing WILDTRUST. “The draft EIA report also fails to adequately describe and quantify the socio-economic impacts (costs) of a catastrophic oil spill.”

ERM conducted an ‘oil spill dispersion modelling’ as part of the EIA, and concludes that the after-mitigation impacts arising from a major oil spill ranged from low to moderate significance. However, the WILDTRUST submission identifies several flaws in the modelling that would significantly affect the modelling results and subsequent significance ratings:

The well head blowout modelling is run over two scenarios, one assuming a 7-day and the other a 20-day oil release. In contrast, the Deepwater Horizon oil spill duration was 87 days, while modelling run for the Tamarind Tui Field in New Zealand assumed a 45-day and 110-day oil spill scenario. Shorter oil release durations directly influence the total volume of oil predicted to be released into the ocean.

Assumed daily oil release volumes from modelled well head blowouts are also much lower than what was released in the Deepwater Horizon spill and some other oil spill models.

The modelling filters out oil of less than 1.0 µm (micrometres) thick, stating that this is the level below which there is ‘near zero risk’ of smothering of aquatic life from an oil slick (in the ocean). In contrast, a technical review of the Tamarind Tui Field oil spill modelling (commissioned by the New Zealand Environmental Protection Agency) criticised the use of a much lower 0.5 µm threshold on the basis that a surface slick of 0.5 µm is still significant for exposure calculation, and that a limit of 0.04 µm would be the minimum thickness to determine impact on socio-economic resources.

Oil rig off the KZN coast 2000, featured in report in Africa PORTS & SHIPS maritime news
Oil rig off the KZN coast 2000

The ERM/Eni modelling thus uses a critical threshold for modelling surface oil slick thickness that is double the threshold used in the Tamarind Tui Field modelling, and 25 times higher than the socio-economic impact threshold.

The modelling uses a 100 g/m² critical threshold as a ‘reasonable value’ to indicate when a sufficient amount of oil mass per area unit may cause an impact to shorebirds and wildlife on or along the shore (i.e. oiling of shoreline, including beaches, estuaries etc.).

In contrast, the technical review of the Tamarind Tui Field oil spill modelling criticised the use of a much lower 10 g/m² as the minimum concentration of oil on the shoreline for tracking. The review indicates that a minimum concentration of 1 g/m² would trigger shoreline clean-up on amenity beaches and represents a threshold for socioeconomic impact, while a 10 g/m² threshold would be a conservative number for impact on shoreline habitat and represents the threshold for ecological impact.

The ERM/Eni modelling thus uses a critical threshold for shoreline oiling that is 10 times higher than the ecological threshold used in the Tamarind Tui Field modelling, and 100 times higher than the socio-economic threshold.

“Assuming short oil release durations and low oil volume releases, and using high critical threshold assumptions and filtering out results below these thresholds, results in the consequences of a catastrophic oil spill being significantly understated. To address these fatal flaws, the modelling needs to be re-run with more appropriate input data and thresholds, subjective assumptions need to be fully explained and validated, and underlying data and information relied upon needs to be fully disclosed in the EIA process. The re-run oil spill modelling should be subjected to a technical review independent of the EIA team, and must be subjected to a meaningful public participation process,” said Attorney Adrian Pole, also representing environmental organisation, WILDTRUST.

In addition, the draft EIA report did not provide sufficient details on how Eni will comply with international well control standards implemented after the Deepwater Horizon spill, while the critical Oil Spill Contingency Plan referred to and relied upon in the draft EIA report has not been completed or subjected to public participation in the EIA process.

There is an under representation of pelagic seabirds found within Block ER236 in the report, and the draft EIA report does not address the threat of pelagic seabirds colliding with the rigs, especially at night and most particularly in strong winds. External infrastructure such as cables and masts would be particularly worrying this regard. The annual Sardine Run is mentioned as a minor pelagic event in the draft EIA report. The sardine run draws vast numbers of terrestrial, avian and marine predators and should be included as a major event with the impact of the drilling activity properly assessed on this basis.

The fishing sectors that may be affected by the project activities include pelagic long-line fishing, line-fishing, subsistence fishing and the crustacean trawl fishery. The draft EIA report details the economic value of the subsistence fishing industry but there is no attempt to address the potential impact on the commercial, recreational or subsistence fishing industry by the proposed project. Given that it is estimated that the value contribution of ocean fisheries in 2010 to the South African GDP at R15.412 billion this should be mentioned in the fisheries report to allow for a thorough public participation process on this vital aspect.

“If the Department of Mineral Resources grants environmental authorisation to Eni we will take it on appeal to the Department of Environmental Affairs,” commented Youens, “and pending the outcome of the appeal the project will be suspended.” source: Wildoceans[/restrict]



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Tramp Ships cover, from a book review in Africa PORTS & SHIPS maritime news


By Roy Fenton
Published by Seaforth Publishing
Hardback; 176 pages; price £30.00
ISBN: 978 1 84832 158 8
(To order: CLICK HERE )






Published in 2013 and still available from the publisher’s catalogue is this compendium devoted to a valuable class of cargo ship that has been the mainstay of many a mercantile marine for more than three generations and trading in every ocean. Generally the type was an ocean-going, steam- or diesel-powered dry cargo ship of up to 10,000 tons gross and of from 270ft to 550 ft loa with an adequate cruising speed of ten knots.

We all know what a tramp ship is. To some it was seen as the taxi of the seas.

As a cargo ship the tramp was not confined to any particular route but carried cargo anywhere that was convenient and profitable. There were no regular schedules, it steamed everywhere, loading and discharging cargoes, often bulk cargoes such as coal, grain, timber, china clay and oil.

Archibald (later Sir Archibald) Hurd, writing in The Sea Traders*, informed that Allied victory in the First World War would have been impossible without “… the comparatively small, comparatively slow, and quite inconspicuous vessels – ‘the tramps’ – that made the chief contribution to this triumph.”

He went on: “It was not the luxurious passenger liner, steaming at high speed, it was not even the big cargo liner; it was, above all, the tramp, buffeting her patient way over the world’s seas, that was the chief maritime instrument of victory, apart from the Grand Fleet.” He continued: “The tramp was the lineal successor of those earlier individual vessels owned by single enterprising sea traders who laid the foundations of our prosperity…”

In his book, written only three years after the Armistice, Hurd pointed out that of the British (and Empire) steam tonnage in pre-war days more than 50% was provided by the tramp fleet.

Spot the tramps: Singapore Inner Roads, 1970, where vessels anchor for stores, fresh water, bunkers, crew change, cargoes, orders and even sale. Featured in book review in Africa PORTS & SHIPS maritime news
Spot the tramps: Singapore Inner Roads, 1970, where vessels anchor for stores, fresh water, bunkers, crew change, cargoes, orders and even sale.

There may have been a depression between the wars but by 1938 there was an uplift in trade bringing many tramps much-needed cargoes and in that year Britain exported, for example, 38 million tons of coal – about half the highest level of 1913**.

However, it was the older and slower vessels that tended to find their way into this trade, hence the tag ‘tramp’ although new tramps were built, often with the owner’s eye on chartering to the liner companies.

Over 13 chapters in this volume by the well-known shipping author Roy Fenton***, the tramp ship’s evolution is described over the course of more than 100 years, from the 1860s, when the steam tramp ship developed from the screw collier, until it was largely replaced by the specialist bulk carrier in the 1980s.

Here an introduction looks at the design and building of tramps. Then follows a description of vessel’s machinery, from simple triple-expansion turbines to diesel engines. Regarding steam, it has been recorded that a reheated triple-expansion engine fitted in a 10,000 ton tramp ship was capable of moving each ton of cargo one mile on the energy developed by burning half an ounce of coal.

Tramp ship operation and management and the life of the officers and crews are also covered here along with the ships’ design features being highlighted and notes on machinery included.

The meat of the book is to be found in the 300 wonderfully evocative photographs of individual ships which illustrate the development of the tramp and its trades through the last years of the 19th century, the two World Wars, and the post war years with Liberty ship replacements. All are supported by a lengthy index of ship-names.

Each picture caption provides the reader with the dimensions of the vessel, the owners and the builder and then goes on to outline the ship’s career, with notes on trades and how they changed over a ship’s lifetime. Lives, varied, ended nearly always sadly by collision, grounding, foundering, by enemy action or of demolition and scrap.

To close there is an important bibliography with close on a hundred titles for further research into this fascinating subject.

Shanghai, 2006. Is the vessel beneath the Nikon advert an A&P SD 14, of 14,000 tonnes, built as a no frills modern tramp ship from 1967? Some of the class may still be afloat. Featured in Africa PORTS & SHIPS maritime news
Shanghai, 2006. Is the vessel beneath the Nikon advert an A&P SD 14, of 14,000 tonnes, built as a no frills modern tramp ship from 1967? Some of the class may still be afloat.

But the tramp was not peculiar to the British and Empire Registers for vessels for this type of trading were designed, financed, built and operated by businesses in Scandinavia, Germany, Belgium, The Netherlands and France and there are plenty of examples shown in these pages. Fenton importantly includes hulls built for the COMECON states for Russia (or the USSR as we knew it).

The penultimate chapter introduces what might have been the tramps’ replacements, the A&P SD 14 being one example. She was designed by Austin & Pickersgill, with (SD) shelter deck and with a capacity of 14,000 dwt. Some examples are believed still afloat

Without doubt this volume will become a classic work, to inspire all merchant ship enthusiasts and historians and once again we are able to appreciate the ships in which our forefathers sailed and earned a living.

Reviewed by Paul Ridgway

* Cassel and Company, 1921.

** The History of the British Merchant Navy, Volume Five, Fiddler’s Green, The Great Squandering: 1921-2010 By Richard Woodman, The History Press, Stroud, Glos.

*** Roy Fenton is a full-time researcher and writer and the author of some 25 books on shipping history. His specialism is coastal trade in the steam era, and in 2005 he was awarded a PhD for a thesis on the transition from sail to steam in the coastal bulk trades. He is a former council member of the World Ship Society, – and is still active in the organisation.

Singapore Inner Roads, 1970, where vessels anchor for stores, fresh water, bunkers, crew change, cargoes, orders and even sale, featured in a book review in Africa PORTS & SHIPS maritime news
Singapore Inner Roads, 1970, where vessels anchor for stores, fresh water, bunkers, crew change, cargoes, orders and even sale (2)



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Renault cargo sailing ships, appearing in Africa PORTS & SHIPS maritime news

French carmaker Renault has revealed ambitious plans to build two wind-powered roll-on/roll-off vessels by as early as 2020.

Renault is partnering with the French start-up Neoline, which was founded in 2015 with the goal of becoming…[restrict] the world’s first shipowner specialising in sailing cargo ships.

In a press release, Renault and Neoline say they will first develop a 136-metre vessel and 4,200 square metres of sail area to serve as a demo model. This features an innovative blend of technical solutions borrowed from the maritime transport industry, as well as from competitive sailing, in order to make transport more logistically and economically proficient, while also setting the bar for energy efficiency.

Following from the demo model the two companies aim to build two sail-powered ships by 2020-2021 that will service a pilot route joining Saint-Nazaire, the US Eastern seaboard and Saint-Pierre & Miquelon off the coast of Newfoundland.

“Groupe Renault’s objective is to reduce the environmental impact of each vehicle throughout its entire life cycle, from parts transportation up to delivery and end-of-life processing,” said Jean-Philippe Hermine, Vice President of Strategic Environmental Planning at Renault Group.

“We are especially pleased that Groupe Renault, a key player in accessible and sustainable mobility for all, is the first partner to join us on board our journey by trusting in NEOLINE’s maritime transport solution,” said Jean Zanuttini, CEO of NEOLINE.

“Considering that the traditional sea freight accounts for nearly 3 per cent of CO2 emissions in Europe, NEOLINE aims to build an innovative French solution to address a global environmental challenge while remaining within an industrial and competitive framework, with the support from its partners.”

Jean-François Salles, Alliance Global Director, Production Control, said that the partnership with NEOLINE is the latest example of their supply chain’s commitment to reduce its carbon footprint by 6 per cent between 2016 and 2022.

“For nearly 10 years, we have been working to identify the most environmentally sustainable solutions: for example, optimising the fill rates of the containers and trucks, producing eco-friendly packaging, and implementing a multimodal system. We are also developing more initiatives, such as the use of natural gas transportation between parts suppliers and production sites, the evaluation of transporters’ environmental performance, the modernisation of truck fleets, and of course the optimisation of our flows to reduce the number of kilometres travelled and to eliminate empty trips,” he said.[/restrict]

Renault cargo sailing ships, appearing in Africa PORTS & SHIPS maritime news



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Mission to Seafarers' Christmas Carol service, Durban,


The Durban branch of the Mission to Seafarers will be holding its annual Festival of Nine Lessons and Christmas Carol service on Monday, 9 December at the Durban Seafarers Mission, Gate 7 off Bayhead Road, turn left into Langeberg Road (the road leading to the Durban Container Terminal) then the first left to 1 Seafarer Road. The time is from 16h00, ample parking on site.


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Mozambican coal to be shipped to Kenya from January, featured in Africa PORTS & SHIPS maritime news

Beginning this coming January Mozambique expects to commence with shipping Mozambique mined coal to Mombasa in Kenya.

This was announced by Mozambique’s President Filipe Nyusi during a visit to Mombasa.

“The private sector should make use of the opportunities created by the two countries,” President Nyusi told journalists.

He was accompanied on his visit by…[restrict] Kenya’s Deputy President William Ruto.

Nyusi said he was impressed by the increasing cargo traffic and number of vessels docking at the Kenyan Port. “Most importantly, it is very encouraging to witness the ongoing capacity expansion at the New Container Terminal,” he said.

His visit to Kenya and Mombasa in particular followed that of a visit to Maputo and Mozambiique by Kenya President Uhuru Kenyatta in March this year during which the need to link the three Mozambican ports of Maputo, Beira and Nacala with Kenya’s Port of Mombasa and the Port of Lamu which is still under construction was discussed.

Nyusi said that he had shared the success story of the three main Mozambican ports following public private partnerships in the management of the facilities which he said were yielding notable results.

“In the past we had to allocate funds from the government to the ports but now we are generating revenue from the ports for the benefit of the citizenry through construction of health facilities, schools and other key projects,” he said.

He emphasised the need to exploit the existing bilateral trade opportunities between Mozambique and Kenya, saying the potential was enormous.

Referring to the shipments of coal and other mineral shipments to Mombasa, the Mozambique president said a trial shipment had been undertaken in August this year which proved successful.[/restrict]


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The railway line and bridge that has been knocked out of alignment between Vredendal and Lutzville on the Sishen-Saldanha ore line, blocking traffic for more than a week. Featured in Africa PORTS & SHIPS maritime news
The railway line and bridge that has been knocked out of alignment between Vredendal and Lutzville on the Sishen-Saldanha ore line

The iron ore railway between Sishen in the Northern Cape and the port at Saldanha, which carries the majority of South Africa’s iron ore exports and a considerable amount of manganese and other ores, will remain closed to traffic until next Sunday, 9 December after an accident involving an overloaded truck.

The road truck struck the overhead bridge which carries the…[restrict] railway between Vredendal and Lutzville. The truck was carrying an abnormal laod which exceeded the height restrictions on the road passing beneath the rail tracks.

From photographic evidence it appears the force of the collision was so great that it pushed the bridge away from its foundations, distorting the rail tracks on the line above and effectively stopping all rail traffic.

Transnet Freight Rail (TFR) confirmed the accident and stoppage of rail traffic saying “the accident resulted in structural damage to a railway line network and compromised integrity of the railway bridge, resulting in an immediate stop of rail movement along the route.

TFR said that it has maintenance teams on the scene of the accident who are “hard at work to restore the line.

“Initial indications were that repairs would take fourteen days. An assessment report this morning showed that the repairs would be done earlier than the initial anticipated timelines.”[/restrict]


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More Sodruzhestva. Featured in reports in Africa PORTS & SHIPS maritime news
More Sodruzhestva

The Department of Environmental Affairs (DEA) says that it welcomes the criminal conviction of the captain of the Ukrainian registered fishing vessel, MORE SODRUZHESTVA (IMO 8724315), who was found guilty of discharging sewage into South African coastal waters.

The accused was sentenced to pay a fine of R300,000 or serve 24 months imprisonment of which half was suspended for 5 years on condition that the accused is not convicted of contravening certain other environmental law provisions.

This conviction is the first of its kind for South Africa. In addition, the South African Maritime Safety Authority (SAMSA) raised…[restrict] various Admissions of Contravention (AoC) against both the Master and the Owners of the vessel which resulted in a total penalty of R1.7 million Rand in respect of, amongst others, failure to comply with domestic legislation which gives effect to the MARPOL convention to which South Africa is a signatory.

This case is another success which resulted from South Africa’s participation in INTERPOL’s 30 Days at Sea global operation. This operation was a month-long (1-31 October) operation which saw some 276 law enforcement and environmental agencies across 58 countries detect over 500 offences, including illegal discharges of oil and garbage from vessels, shipbreaking, breaches of ship emissions regulations, and pollution on rivers and land-based runoff to the sea.

Within South Africa the operation was executed through the integrated enforcement programme of Operation Phakisa, which involves Environmental and Fisheries authorities, Maritime and Border Agencies, National Police, Customs, Intelligence Structures and Port Authorities. Many of the activities undertaken during the 30 Days operation were intelligence driven, ensuring the maximum impact.

The DEA said the sentence on the master of the More Sodruzhestva serves as confirmation of South Africa’s commitment to combat marine pollution crime.

South Africans are encouraged to continue reporting all environmental crimes on the Environmental Crime hotline details below: 0800 205 005 /

The 6,394-gt More Sodruzhestva fishing vessel is registered in Belize and was built in 1986. The owner and manager is Cyprus-based Marissco Fishing Ltd, 59-61, Akropolis Street, 2012 Strovolos, Cyprus. Until October this year the 103-metre long fishing vessel was listed as owned by Interpromflot Ltd in the Ukraine and operated by Interflot Ltd also of the Ukraine.[/restrict]


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A Kenya Railways standard gauge container train, featured in Africa PORTS & SHIPS maritime news
A Kenya Railways standard gauge container train

Kenya is one of the countries at the highest risk of losing strategic assets to China over the amount of debt owing to Beijing, says a report quoting Moody’s Investor Service.

The warning highlights a question that has remained unanswered since the standard gauge railway project in Kenya and Uganda was first announced – how will the East Africa countries manage to pay for its construction.

Uganda has since cancelled all plans to build a SGR linking with the Kenya SGR that currently operates between the port of Mombasa and an inland depot near Nairobi. The SGR is being …[restrict] extended further inland and will reach the shores of Lake Victoria, as well and continuing on to the Uganda border. This latter section is now in doubt following Uganda’s decision not to build an SGR.

Instead Uganda says it will refurbish the metre gauge railway that has been in service since the early colonial days. But at the same time, Uganda is in agreement with Tanzania for a standard gauge railway to extend from the port of Dar es Salaam to the border with Rwanda and possibly from there to Uganda.

Uganda has also opted for its oil pipeline to link with Dar es Salaam instead of going to either Mombasa or to Lamu in Kenya. The implications of this is reduced income for the Kenya SGR unless Uganda agrees to continue building a SGR to the Kenya border.

The Moody’s report has raised interest in public finance circles in East Africa. The report says that China’s response to sub-Saharan Africa countries facing liquidity pressure has not been uniform or transparent – meaning predictability of credit implications are less clear.

“Countries rich in natural resources, like Angola, Zambia, and Republic of the Congo, or with strategically important infrastructure, like ports or railways such as Kenya, are most vulnerable to the risk of losing control over important assets in negotiations with Chinese creditors,” Moody’s warns.

Such countries are also at risk of being offered liquidity relief at higher resource concessions that only reduce the value of future export earnings.

“Even if debt restructuring alleviates immediate liquidity pressure, the loss of natural resources revenue or other assets is credit negative,” Moody’s adds.

It points out that outside of sub-Saharan Africa, China obtained land in exchange for some debt relief in Tajikistan and in Sri Lankas China controversially took control of the Hambantota Port.

Recent data from Kenya’s National Treasury show that Chinese debt stood at Sh554.88 billion or 73.4 per cent of total bilateral debt of Sh756.28 billion at the end of September.

A large segment of that debt is linked to construction of the Standard Gauge Railway.

“In general, concentrated exposure to a single creditor, with little transparency about decisions to restructure the terms of the debt, increases rollover risks, weakening the fiscal profile,” Moody’s said.

The ratings agency says that for countries with narrow export bases, such as Kenya or Uganda, an increase in external debt associated with China’s lending may not be met with sufficient and stable foreign-currency earnings in the future.

Besides, Moody’s says, Chinese loans also come with relaxed conditions such as no call for structural reforms to enhance governance and competitiveness thus jeopardising the longer-term growth benefits from such loans.

This is unlike World Bank and European Union development assistance that is often linked to compliance with objectives related to governance, socio-economic development, and democratic principles.

Chinese lending to African countries increased to more than $10 billion (Sh1 trillion) annually between 2012 and 2017, from less than $1 billion ((Sh100 billion) in 2002.

Angola (30 per cent), Ethiopia (10 per cent) and Kenya (seven per cent) received almost half of all Chinese investment on the continent between 2000 and 2017, according to Moody’s. source: Business Daily[/restrict]


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Logging exports via containers at Mozambique ports, featured in Africa PORTS & SHIPS maritime news

A report issued by the Mozambican National Conservation Areas Administration (ANAC) says that illegal logging is spreading, especially in the north of the country and close to the western border.

“Logging takes place in all areas [of conservation] but is worse in the northern and western part of the Niassa Reserve,” Colin Craig, a consultant to ANAC said last week.

Craig spoke on Thursday in Maputo during…[restrict] the 7th national meeting of conservation areas.

Illegally logged timber is being exported from the country (smuggled) in containers using the ports of Nacala, Pemba and further south, from Beira. Despite efforts by the authorities and conservation bodies to curtail the practice, the smugglers bribe their way past police and port checkpoints. It is believed that most of the illegally logged timbers ends up in either Vietnam or China.

Information on the amount of logging came up on the sidelines of the national census of elephants in Mozambique, which ended three weeks ago.

The census aimed to provide scientifically reliable information on the population of elephants in Mozambique and wildlife in general, with results expected to be published on February 2019.

ANAC’s data shows that, since 2009, the country has lost at least 10,000 elephants and in the largest protected area, the Niassa Reserve, the number of elephants dropped from 12,000 to 4,400 in three years (between 2011 and 2014).

The lack of human and material resources for the surveillance of the country’s conservation areas is the main obstacle to the preservation of elephants that are mainly threatened by poachers.

According to the data presented on Thursday, the conservation areas raised 259.3 million meticais (€3.7 million) in the last four years and the government expects to invest $700 million (€615 million) in the conservation areas over the next five years. source: Lusa & AP&S[/restrict]


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Some of the young people chosen for this year's 'intake' of young South Africans who will join mostly MSC cruise ships in overseas ports.    Picture courtesy: SAMSA, featured in Africa PORTS & SHIPS maritime news
Some of the young people chosen for this year’s ‘intake’ of young South Africans who will join mostly MSC cruise ships in overseas ports.        Picture courtesy: SAMSA

In a speech that will resonate with a great many South Africans, the Eastern Cape premier said that sheer laziness by South Africans could cost them their own economy and country.

What Premier Phumulo Masualle said while addressing another group of youngsters heading off to work on cruise ships across the world, may not be very palatable among many of us, but he touched on something that many South Africans have taken note of but lacked the opportunity, or courage, to say out loud.

Masualle was speaking to a group of young people from Lusikisiki in eastern Pondoland, a rural section of the Eastern Cape not far from Port St Johns. The young people are part of this year’s intake of employees selected for jobs on cruise ships across the world.

Sheer laziness among South Africans coupled with an entrenching penchant for particularly government hand-outs could lead to a hefty price to pay – the loss of control of the country to foreigners, Premier Masualle warned.

His stern warning was directed at dozens of youths, their parents and community members at a send-off event ahead of the young people heading off to join their ships around the world.

They are part of a group of about 170 young people from several municipal regions in the Eastern Cape that recently received training under the South African Maritime Safety Authority (SAMSA) driven Maritime Youth Development Programme (MYDP) initiated two years ago in partnership with Harambe, a non-governmental outfit based in Johannesburg.

The Eastern Cape leg of the initiative is sponsored by the Office of the Premier of the province. The function was held at Mbotyi in the Ingquza District Municipality which extends along the Wild Coast south of KZN. This is the second such group of youths from the Eastern Cape and the third so far after Gauteng, to be trained and found employment by SAMSA in mainly MSC Cruise ships around the world since launch of the MYDP by SAMSA jointly with Harambe in 2016.

Phumulo Masualle, E Cape premier, appearing in Africa PORTS & SHIPS maritime news
Phumulo Masualle, E Cape premier

In his unscripted address to guests delivered entirely in isiXhosa, Mr Masualle pulled no punches and virtually tore into the audience about some of the serious challenges facing South Africa particularly with regards productivity and unemployment.

He said while unemployment of particularly youth – estimated at over 40% in the Eastern Cape province alone – was a serious problem, one of the greatest challenges the country should no longer shy way away from what was however an apparent deep-seated laziness among people generally, and which increasingly rested on a self-destructive entrenching penchant for government handouts.

Just about everyone wanted everything for free, which was unworkable, never mind that it kept people away from effective engagement and control of their own economy, he said.

Masualle said government’s social security grants and related were already heavily strained as the number of people dependent on them was increasing, yet on the other hand, the economy was struggling, leading to a reduction in tax for collection.

He pointed out that government was ‘not a producer of anything’, but served the role of redistributing resources from the productive to the non-productive, alternatively those requiring assistance, such as health, education and similar social services.

Even so, Mr Masualle said, government continued to support people even with free housing.

Yet rather curiously, he said, when windows in the houses cracked, the average South African, living in a house handed to him or her for free by government, turned around to complain that government was building free houses with breaking windows.

“Our people cannot even fix cracks that show in the houses they receive for free. When glass panes break, they blame government for arranging shoddy workmanship.

“In this venue, where are holding this event, we are closest to the sea, and occasionally watch cargo vessels passing by. But we are only visitors to the sea. We have not the faintest idea what is going on in the oceans economic sector.

“Truth be told, we are a lazy people,” he added, contrasting South Africans with foreigners from neighbouring countries, who he said, had a strong healthy attitude for work and productivity.

As an illustration, he said that while South Africans by and large milled around doing very little in productive terms, an increasing number of foreigners from African countries had taken over and were running just about every trading store, and even spaza [informal] shops both in urban and rural areas all over the country where black people resided.

“We need to wake up from the slumber, as otherwise foreigners with the right attitude for work and productivity will take over everything including control of our economy,” Mr Masualle warned.

To the youths departing for work in tourism cruise ships across the world, he urged them to not only remain assistants, but to learn and absorb as much knowledge about that particularly industry as they could, with the goal of then transplanting such knowledge into products and services that will position their own country, South Africa, central to ocean tourism, and particularly cruise tourism.

He said South Africans, specifically black people who are in the majority in terms of the population, could not continue to be onlookers in the development of their own country’s economy, and yet they could not be meaningfully involved unless they got up and actively engaged in productive activity that generates self-employment.

SAMSA logo, appearing in Africa PORTS & SHIPS maritime news


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Walvis Bay, the port and town on the edge of the desert, taken earlier during the construction phase of the port's new container terminal, which is now nearing completion, featured in Africa PORTS & SHIPS maritime news
Walvis Bay, the port and town on the edge of the desert, taken earlier during the construction phase of the port’s new container terminal, which is now nearing completion

Team Namport has heeded the call from the Mayor’s office in Walvis Bay to join the rest…[restrict] of the Walvis Bay community and clean up the harbour town.

The clean-up campaign took place on 23 November 2018 and was in preparation for the anticipated influx of holiday makers during the upcoming festive season.

Over 60 Namport staff members dressed themselves in dust masks and gloves and ensured that the entity was duly represented. Other institutions that participated in the clean-up campaign themed ‘Team Up to Clean-up Walvis Bay’ included the Navy, Erongo Red and Walvis Bay Municipality.

After the intense clean-up, the Namport staff members were rewarded with a scrumptious braai at a local entertainment area.

Over the past months, Namport also participated in the clean-up initiative from the President’s Office as well as conducting the “Keep our Port Sparkling” which is an in-house cleaning programme at the port.[/restrict]



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Durban Container Terminal scene, featured in Africa PORTS & SHIPS maritime news
Durban Container Terminal scene

South Africa’s Ports Regulator sprung something of a surprise this morning with the Record of Decision on the Tariff Application by Transnet National Ports Authority (TNPA).

On 1 August 2018 TNPA applied to the Ports Regulator of South Africa for approval of the tariffs for services and facilities offered by the NPA of an average increase of 4.21% for the period 1 April 2019 to 31 March 2020.

This was together with indicative tariff increases of 18.57% and 6.34% for 2020/21 and 2021/22 respectively.

Earlier today (Friday 30 November 2018) the Ports Regulator announced that after considering the application and the written and oral submissions by all stakeholders, and based on latest available data, it had concluded that an appropriate overall adjustment in average tariffs for the financial year 2019/20 is a decrease of 6.27%.

The Ports Regulator therefore approved the following specific changes to the Tariff Book, to become effective from 1 April 2019.

1. Marine services and related tariffs (Sections 1-8 of the Tariff Book, excluding Section 7 that deals with cargo dues) are to remain unchanged at 2018/19 levels.
2. All Container cargo dues are to decrease by 10%
3. All RoRo cargo dues are to decrease by 10%
4. Coal dry bulk export cargo dues are to increase by 10%
5. The following tariffs are to be reduced to upper limit caps applicable as follows:

i) All break-bulk cargo dues are to be capped at R31.50/ton
ii) All dry bulk cargo dues are to be capped at R20.00/ton
iii) All liquid bulk cargo dues are to be capped at R40.00/KL
iv) The tariffs below these upper limit caps in the categories above will remain at 2018/19 tariff levels, excluding coal dry bulk export cargo dues as set out above.

In line with the Department of Transport’s Comprehensive Maritime Transport Policy, the incentive for South African flagged commercial vessels will be extended for three years. All marine tariffs (Sections 1-8 of the Tariff Book, excluding Section 7 that deals with cargo dues) for:

1) Existing commercial South African flagged vessels as well as commercial vessels registered in South Africa in 2019/20 will receive a 30% discount applicable year on year up to 31 March 2022;

2) Commercial vessels registered in South Africa in 2020/21 will receive a 20% discount up to 31 March 2022 and;

3) Commercial vessels registered in 2021/22 will receive a 10% discount up to 31 March 2022. The incentive for South African flagged commercial vessels will thereafter be reviewed.

In line with the Multi-Year Tariff Manual of March 2017 the Ports Regulator projects that the indicative overall average tariff adjustment for the 2020/21 and 2021/22 tariff years will be below the 6% upper limit of the inflation target band.

Ports Regulator of South Africa banner, featured in Africa PORTS & SHIPS maritime news



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Pacific Vision at launch time. Picture courtesy Shanghai Waigaoqiao Shipyard, featured in Africa PORTS & SHIPS maritime news
Pacific Vision at launch time.      Picture courtesy Shanghai Waigaoqiao Shipyard

The world’s first intelligent very large ore carrier (iVLOC), the DNV GL-classed PACIFIC VISION (IMO 9806990), was delivered by Shanghai Waigaoqiao Shipyard to China Merchants Energy Shipping Company.

The vessel is the world’s first VLOC to implement DNV GL’s SmartShip descriptive notation. To qualify for the notation, Pacific Vision has been outfitted with an integration platform, a smart navigation decision support system, a ship energy efficiency management and optimization system, and smart-vessel operation and maintenance system.

“It’s a great honour to have worked with…[restrict] Shanghai Waigaoqiao Shipyard, China Merchant Energy Shipping Company, and SDARI to develop the world’s first iVLOC,” says Norbert Kray, DNV GL’s Regional Manager Greater China.

“With the SmartShip notation, we wanted to give customers a platform to clearly present the new technologies they were utilizing to optimize performance, enhance safety, and minimize their environmental impact. This notation supports our customers who are developing smart ships that are setting the standards for the future of shipping,” Kray adds.
As part of the SmartShip notation, the ship has features including operational enhancement (OE), performance enhancement (PE), and condition monitoring enhancement (CME). From keel laying on 24 Dec 2015 to the final delivery, DNV GL cooperated very closely with SDARI, Shanghai Waigaoqiao and the associated manufacturers for the design implementation, site survey/verification and component/system certification.

The vessel will operate between Brazil and Asia (China, Japan, Malaysia and Oman) during which she will pass along the South African coast, and will very likely also been deployed for the Brazil and Europe trade (Rotterdam, Italy).

The main particulars of the 400K VLOC are:

• Overall length: 362 m
• Breadth: 65 m
• Depth: 30.4 m
• Draught: 23 m
• Deadweight: 399,999 DWT

A SmartShip descriptive notation may be applied to ships provided with class products covering technological features considered as smart technologies in marine applications in accordance with the DNV GL Class Guidelines for SmartShips CG-0508.[/restrict]



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Mr Bisey /Uirab, Namport CEO, appearing in Africa PORTS & SHIPS maritime news
Mr Bisey /Uirab, Namport CEO

The Namibian Ports Authority (Namport) and the International University of Namibia (IUM) Coastal Campus last week signed a Memorandum of Agreement (MoA) were both institutions will work together to ensure that students from the University get experiential exposure at the Port of Walvis Bay in their relevant fields of studies.

“This MOU will provide opportunities to students from IUM who will undertake internships at Namport for an…[restrict] on the job training to compliment the textbook knowledge that they have been received from the institution of higher learning,” said Bisey /Uirab, CEO of Namport.

/Uirab further indicated the need for both entities to engage in research based projects for the benefit of not only the two institutions but for the country as well.

The CEO added that human resource development was one of the key imperatives at the Ports Authority because achievement of success is determined by the quality of staff members an entity has.

Through its in-house learning initiatives, Namport has an internal staff bursary programme whereby staff members take up post graduate studies to improve themselves.

Speaking on behalf of the University, Acting Vice Chancellor of IUM, Prof Kingo Mchombu said that “this MOU serves to cement strategic relationships between the two institutions and that this is a great opportunity for growth for all parties involved.”

A working committee is to be established to ensure that everything that has been outlined in the MOU is indeed carried out.

Earlier this year, Namport also signed a similar MOU with the Namibian Training Authority.[/restrict]


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Brexit flag appearing with Africa PORTS & SHIPS maritime news

On 27 June 2018, the House of Commons Treasury Committee requested that the Bank of England publish analysis of how leaving the European Union would affect its ability to deliver its objectives for monetary and financial stability.

The report* was published on 28 November and analyses the economic effects of the Withdrawal Agreement and the Political Declaration regarding the future relationship between the EU and the UK, as well as the consequences of leaving the EU without a Withdrawal Agreement.

Analysis by the Bank includes scenarios not forecasts. They illustrate what could happen not necessarily what is most likely to happen. Building such scenarios requires making key assumptions about the form of the new relationship between the UK and EU, the degree of preparedness across firms and critical infrastructure, and how other policies respond.

*EU withdrawal scenarios and monetary and financial stability: A response to the House of Commons Treasury Committee, November 2018. For the report CLICK HERE

Edited by Paul Ridgway


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Port of Richards Bay small craft & Tuzi Gazi Waterfront, where much of the Festival activity will take place, featured in Africa PORTS & SHIPS maritime news
Port of Richards Bay small craft & Tuzi Gazi Waterfront, where much of the Festival activity will take place

The South African ports under the jurisdiction of Transnet National Ports Authority (TNPA) have been holding their annual ports festivals, which made a return a year ago as opportunities for the general public to renew acquaintances with the respective ports.

Coming up it is now the turn of Richards Bay in Zululand, KZN where the 2018 festive season is set to kick-off in style with the 2018 Richards Bay Port Festival, hosted in the port by TNPA on 8 and 9 December.

The popular event will be celebrated under the theme ‘Connecting Port & People’.

Nationally, port festivals are part of TNPA’s efforts to transform the country’s commercial ports into ‘Smart People’s Ports’ with a focus on community engagement, tourism, leisure, recreation, and career and business opportunities. These were once regular events attracting thousands of visitors, until the advent of the ISPS code of safety for ports which since 2004 has placed limitations on public interaction with ports.

The two-day festival will offer local communities’ a rare chance to see the inner-workings of the Port of Richards Bay through a range of fun, educational landside and waterside activities that showcase some of the incredible technology, machinery and maritime experiences offered by the port.

Richards Bay Port Manager, Thami Sithole, said the 2018 Richards Bay Port Festival presents the perfect backdrop for people to connect with the port in an interactive and fun way, while also learning about port operations and the various career and business opportunities within the maritime industry.

“We promise to offer unique and exciting port experiences at this year’s festival, with something for everyone. We are excited to showcase the port to our communities, particularly the youngsters,” added Sithole.

Planned activities include a careers exhibition, kiddies’ entertainment area, tours of the Ilembe (dredger), tug boats and other TNPA marine crafts, jet ski and NSIR sea rescue demonstrations, SANDF demonstrations plus food stalls and vendors. Visitors can also look forward to live entertainment by national and local artists and DJs.

There is no entry fee to attend the festival. Most of the festival activities are free, with a few requiring a nominal ticket purchase directly from these vendors. Food and beverages will be on sale in different areas throughout the festival. The festival area will be a pedestrian only zone and shuttles will be available from the designated parking areas.

Gates open at 10am to 8pm on Saturday, 8 December and 10am – 5pm on Sunday, 9 December.



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New extension to Freetown container terminal, Sierra Leone
New extension to Freetown container terminal

Bolloré Ports has announced that work has been completed on Sierra Leone’s Freetown Terminal for which it holds the concession.

Work was in fact completed ahead of schedule several months ago, which involved the development of an additional 270 metres of the Queen Elizabeth II Quay and its container terminal.

To mark the official opening of the new US$120 millionth section of the container terminal President Julius Maada Bio of the Republic of Sierra Leone and Cyrille Bolloré, CEO of Bolloré Transport & Logistics, attended the official ceremony.

Sierra Leone's President Julius Maada Bio cutting the ribbon to officially open the new section of the Freetown container terminal. feastured in Africa PORTS & SHIPS maritime news
Sierra Leone’s President Julius Maada Bio cutting the ribbon to officially open the new section of the Freetown container terminal

Bolloré Ports was the successful bidder for the international tender launched by the Sierra Leone authorities in March 2011, which is aimed at bringing the Freetown Terminal up to the highest international standards.

Included in the project was the refurbishment of existing yards, which were upgraded with modern equipment such as ship-to shore (STS) cranes, rubber-tyred gantry cranes (RTGs) and reachstackers.

As a result of acquiring the new equipment an increase in traffic of over 30% has been made noted.

The new terminal section has, apart from its 270-metre long quay, a depth alongside of -13 metres and the capacity to accommodate ships of up to 6,000-TEU capacity.



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Scene at the recent SHADE conference (Nov 2018), featured in Africa PORTS & SHIPS maritime news

“We cannot be complacent or else we will see a rapid resurgence in the scourge of piracy”

10 years of counter-piracy operations has seen successful outcomes resulting from the partnerships between military navies and commercial shipping working closely together. Key to this success is the bi-annual Shared Awareness and De-confliction (SHADE) conference with the 43rd meeting having just completed.

The aims of SHADE

Commodore Steve Dainton RN, the Deputy Commander of CMF and UK Maritime Component Commander, opened the conference, highlighting: “The 43rd SHADE provides…[restrict] the perfect opportunity for the maritime community to meet and discuss the on-going and combined efforts of our counter piracy operations. We have to recognise that, but for our efforts and for adherence to Best Management Practice, conditions in Somalia remain such that piracy could resurge at any point.”

Co-chaired by EU NAVFOR and the Combined Maritime Forces (CMF), the main aim of SHADE is to coordinate counter-piracy efforts of all stakeholders involved and to increase the common understanding of maritime security issues affecting the Southern Red Sea, the Gulf of Aden and the Western Indian Ocean.


SHADE conference delegate, appearing in Africa PORTS & SHIPS maritime news

Overall 126 attendees representing multi-national military counter-piracy operations, independent Deployers such as China, India and Russia, the maritime industry and UN agencies and organisations discussed transparently the challenges and how counter-piracy efforts can best be aligned to ensure the free flow of commerce.

The 43rd SHADE outcomes

Ongoing commitment by the maritime industry was marked by strong support to the SHADE mechanism by shipping partners with the attendance of more than ten shipping Company Security Officers and shipping industry associations.

The Indian Navy representative described their flexibility in counter-piracy operations in the high-risk area and a desire to increase information sharing and cooperation with other active counter-piracy militaries. The Chinese People’s Liberation Army (PLA) Navy representative emphasised the high level of protection the PLA(N) have given to vulnerable shipping transiting the high-risk area and the ongoing progress witnessed in recent exercises with EU NAVFOR.

In addition, the Russian representative disclosed how the Russian Naval presence in the high-risk area has helped to deter piracy safeguarding the free flow of trade. Much debate ensued on how to improve information sharing with the Omani representative highlighting the opportunities for the future.

In conclusion

Looking forward until the next SHADE naval assets in the high-risk area will continue to increase cooperation and coordination as already witnessed during 2018. Colonel Mark Totten, the co-chair from EU NAVFOR said: “Countering piracy involves every interested party working together. By sharing information and working collaboratively, we can keep piracy suppressed.”

He went onto say: “It is essential that international maritime trade continues to use Best Management Practices in order to mitigate the threat of being pirated off the Horn of Africa.”

Closing the conference, Commander Maxwell USN from CMF, said: “It has been an honour to chair this conference and to once again bring together experts from different organisations, navies and merchant shipping communities. We have been able to discuss counter piracy through the development of best practices, whilst coordinating and de-conflicting our activities to ensure that international maritime trade in our region can continue to go about its lawful business, unhindered. All of this proves to me the importance of these SHADE conferences.” source: EU NAVFOR[/restrict]


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Standford Bateleur (on left). Picture courtesy: Shipspotting. The other vessel is the MMPL Merlin, featured in Africa PORTS & SHIPS maritime news
Standford Bateleur (on left).  The other vessel is the MMPL Merlin.    Picture courtesy: Shipspotting. 

Two UAE-registered exploration vessels arrived in Malindi harbour in Unguja (Tanzania) on Saturday to begin seismic surveys for oil and gas.

The two vessels, the seismic survey ship STANFORD BATELEUR (IMO 9654177) and the support vessel HAIBA will commence surveying the waters between Unguja and Pemba Island.

The larger of the two, Standford Bateleur is 86 metres in length and 5188-dwt and is Mexican owned and ship managed. Her ISM manager is Standford Marine registered in Dubai.

The smaller 25-metre Haiba is to be used for recording the sound waves generated by the bigger vessel.

A third vessel has been charted to act as a security vessel and to keep the path used for the surveys clear of other traffic.

Zanzibar Petroleum Regulatory Authority director Omar Zubeir said the vessels might begin their operations today (Thursday) dependent on government procedures to be completed.



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Brexit map and flags, appearing in Africa PORTS & SHIPS maritime news

House of Commons Public Accounts Committee (PAC) is concerned by slow progress and poor communication around Project Brock*.

Ability of businesses to plan is hampered by secrecy and lack of detailed information

Department of Transport is urged to write to the PAC before Christmas with updates on progress

Report Summary

There is a real risk that the UK Department for Transport will not be ready in the event of the UK departing the EU without a negotiated deal, and this risk is increasing as time runs out to deliver what is needed.

This latest PAC report is in a series looking at Government’s preparations for Brexit. As in previous PAC reports on border preparations, customs, Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs and the Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, the Committee is concerned about how well Government is prepared.

There is a real prospect of…[restrict] major disruption at UK ports. The slow progress and poor communication around work to avoid this through schemes such as Project Brock concerns the Committee.

The lack of detailed information provided to businesses to help them prepare and the secrecy surrounding discussions through the use of non-disclosure agreements is hampering businesses’ ability to plan.

Added to this is the Department’s uphill task to pass the necessary legislation in time, the majority of which the Department sees as essential, whilst allowing time for proper scrutiny.

With only months to go, it is extremely worrying that the PAC is seeing these same concerns again and again with little progress being made. Even if a deal is agreed, the Department faces a challenging workload during the proposed transition period.

The PAC acknowledges the difficult situation for the Department in having to prepare for all Brexit scenarios. But it must be open about the challenges it faces and work with businesses and stakeholders to help them get ready for whatever the future brings.

* Project Brock, a project to improve congestion in Dover and Kent.

Comment from the PAC Chair Meg Hillier MP
“The future of road, rail, maritime and air access to Europe after Brexit remains unclear and the Department for Transport has a critical role in ensuring the UK is prepared.

“With so little time remaining, there is still much to do. The risks associated with no-deal are severe, yet plans for avoiding disruption around major ports in particular are worryingly under-developed.

“The Department plans to spend £30-35 million this year on Project Brock, intended to manage traffic and lorry-queuing at Dover. But it is still to carry out proposed desk-based testing of the system and engagement with businesses has been poor.

“The secrecy around the Department’s preparations, and the shortcomings in assurance on its progress, are a potentially toxic combination.

“We accept the continued uncertainty over the final shape of Brexit adds to the complexity of the challenge. But the Department’s Brexit work is simply too important to get wrong.

“It must be more open about what needs to be achieved, and work with business and others to deliver it. We urge it to respond meaningfully to our concerns in the weeks ahead.”

Comment from PAC Deputy Chair Sir Geoffrey Clifton-Brown MP

“Our report makes it clear that the Department for Transport has a great deal to do before we leave the EU on 29 March 2019, especially if no deal is reached.

“It needs to make whatever contingencies necessary to ensure that disruption to passengers, goods and services arriving or leaving by road, air or sea is kept to the bare minimum.

“I am concerned, in particular, that the movement of goods continues which will mean the port of Dover will need to operate at an optimal level and that more goods will need to travel through other ports.

“To minimise the disruption at Dover and the potential knock-on effect to hauliers travelling through the port, the Department needs to ensure that Project Brock is ready to operate as early as possible.”

Committee membership
Meg Hillier MP – Chair (Labour (Co-op), Hackney South and Shoreditch),
Douglas Chapman MP (Scottish National Party, Dunfermline and West Fife),
Sir Geoffrey Clifton-Brown MP (Conservative, The Cotswolds),
Chris Davies MP (Conservative, Brecon and Radnorshire),
Chris Evans MP (Labour (Co-op), Islwyn),
Caroline Flint MP (Labour, Don Valley),
Robert Jenric MP (Conservative, Newark),
Gillian Keegan MP (Conservative, Chichester),
Shabana Mahmood MP (Labour, Birmingham Ladywood),
Nigel Mills MP (Conservative, Amber Valley),
Layla Moran MP (Liberal Democrat, Oxford West and Abingdon),
Stephen Morgan MP (Labour, Portsmouth South),
Anne Marie Morris MP (Conservative, Newton Abbot),
Bridget Phillipson MP (Labour, Houghton and Sunderland South),
Lee Rowle MP (Conservative, North East Derbyshire),
Gareth Snell MP (Labour (Co-op), Stoke-on-Trent Central)

Link to the report
The Report can be accessed in PDF format by CLICKING HERE


Edited by Paul Ridgway



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Xeneta banner appearing in Africa PORTS & SHIPS maritime news

Xeneta, which provides freight rate benchmarking platforms and reports in real time on market average and low/high movements in its database covering over 160,000 global trade routes, is utilising its database of over 85 million contracted freight rates to deliver a unique monthly snapshot of long-term rate developments in the container industry.

The new Xeneta Shipping Index (XSI™) Public Indices report, launching today (Wednesday 28 November 2018), provides a detailed overview of the busiest global trade corridors, allowing users to gauge regional developments and track trends for key markets.

In June this year Oslo-headquartered Xeneta debuted the full version of the XSI index-linked contracting product. It enables cargo buyers and sellers to gain unparalleled real-time intelligence of market developments, meaning they can tie rates to the market. This results in fair rates, optimal value for shippers, forwarders and carriers, and an end to the burden of frequent or periodic contract negotiations.

XSI Public Indices has a different proposition, as Xeneta CEO Patrik Berglund explains:

“The XSI Public Indices provide an…[restrict] industry wide snapshot, taking the pulse of the long-term contracted market to deliver insights on the latest developments and cast light on the highly complex, fast-moving ocean freight sector.

“The XSI Public Indices are unique as this is the first time this level of visibility into the contracted market, with the frequency of updates and breadth of rate data, has ever been made available. It offers all stakeholders from all sides the possibility to freely track the long-term market’s movements, building up a month-by-month picture of trends in the key regions of Europe, the US and the Far East, as well as global developments.”

Xeneta’s platform is built on constantly updated crowd-sourced rates pooled from hundreds of leading global players, including shippers such as Electrolux, Nestle, Unilever, ThyssenKrupp, Tata Steel and Continental. This wealth of exclusive data covers over 160,000 port-to-port pairings. The long-term rates used in the XSI Public Indices have a valid start date within 90 days of the 20th of each month.

The first report, launching today, shows an increase in the global XSI Index of 0.7%, reversing the downward rates trend seen over the last three months. The European import market is helping drive the positive change, with the index up 1.6% year-on-year, while the export measure fell 0.1%. The US imports XSI held firm month-on-month, while the export index climbed a significant 3.1%. The Far East sees a slight decline of 0.1% relating to imports, while the exports XSI rose 0.4%.

“It’s an exciting time in the container market, with mixed performances from the carriers and protectionist tariffs beginning to impact on trade routes,” Berglund notes. “At the moment there’s a rush to fulfil shipments from the Far East to the US East Coast before new tariffs are levied on 1 January. Going forward there’s a great deal of uncertainty about the introduction of fresh measures and the impact of existing charges on trade volume.

“It’s a complex, volatile situation. Against this background it pays to have a full understanding of the latest market intelligence, derived from the market’s most comprehensive rates database. XSI Public Indices meets that demand.”

Xeneta’s XSI Public Indices will be released on the last week of every month. To access the November report please CLICK HERE .

In the next few months, the XSI Public Indices will add further business intelligence, such as carrier price movements, giving a multi-layered understanding of the health of the market.

About Xeneta

Xeneta is a privately held company with headquarters in Oslo, Norway and regional offices in New York and Hamburg. To learn more, please visit[/restrict]



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Diagram of the new hydrographic survey vessel as she is expected to look, featured in Africa PORTS & SHIPS maritime news. Image courtesy Unique Group
Diagram of the new hydrographic survey vessel as she is expected to look. Image courtesy Unique Group

Project Hotel, the design and building of the South African Navy’s new hydrographic survey ship, has its steel cutting ceremony this Friday.

The commmorative function, which will see the Chief of the Navy press the button to commence the steel cutting for the ‘keel’ of the ship, will take place at the Southern African Shipyards in Durban at 14h00.

Project Hotel involves the most complex and technically advanced vessel that has ever been built in this country.

The ship will be to a Vard Marine design, with a length of 95 metres and a diesel-electric power plant that will provide the ship with a maximum speed of 18 knots and a range of 10,000 nautical miles with 44 days endurance. The ship will be ice-strengthened to meet Polar Class 7 requirements.

AS yet with no name announced, the ship will have installed the latest hydrographic and oceanographic sensor suite and will be manned by a crew of 120 navy and scientist personnel.

“The ship will scan the ocean floor, mapping large areas of the southern hemisphere ocean floor. The vessel is aligned with IMO requirements to provide SA Navigational Charts for the South African coastline as well as the capacity to carry it out to other countries,” said Greg Delpaul, Southern African Shipyards’ general manager of shipbuilding.

The new ship will replace SAS PROTEA, the SA Navy’s current hydrographic survey ship which has been in service since 1972.

SAS was awarded the contract for Project Hotel in December 2017 and will employ a number of sub-contractors who will integrate various systems into the new ship. All these will be based at the SAS Bayhead works during the project, which is expected to take 40 months.

The project will mean work for about 500 people including apprentices, artisans, technicians, engineering interns and engineers in different disciplines who will be hired for this special project.

Armscor and the SA Navy already have trainees and interns at the shipyard.

LNG Barge
In addition to the steel cutting for the navy ship, a similar ceremony will also take place at the same time for cutting the first steel plate for a LNG barge to be built at the shipyard.

The 3,500-ton barge is being built for DNG Energy, a South African-based company in the energy industry. Work will start on the 147 metre long barge early in the New Year and will take about 12 months to complete.

Construction will be at the same time as building the hydrographic survey ship with space at the shipyard being utilised optimally.

At the same time of these developments, the port is readying to commence construction of a new longer and deeper quay wall for Pier 2 of the Durban Container Terminal. Other land at the shipyard will be taken up with container storage to accommodate additional capacity at DCT while that construction is going on.*

* See our report available in this edition DCT BERTH DEEPENING ON HOLD AS TRANSNET ISSUES STOP WORK ORDER.



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Saldanha TPT Iron Ore Terminal berths, featured in Africa PORTS & SHIPS maritime news
Saldanha TPT Iron Ore Terminal berths

Transnet Port Terminals’ (TPT) Saldanha has increased its headcount by 300% over the past five years owing to a rise in the export of additional commodities like manganese, cementing the facility’s significance to the country.

Predominantly South Africa’s iron ore export facility, the Saldanha Terminal started handling manganese in 2014. Volumes have increased 45-fold year to date with an average throughput increase of…[restrict] 2,7 million tons per annum at the facility.

According to TPT’s General Manager Velile Dube, “Despite an economic downturn globally over the past five years, manganese and iron ore commodities have shown resilience. The further growth has had a very positive impact on job creation both within TPT and in the supply chain – a much needed relief in the face of declining jobs.”

The Saldanha Terminal is recognised as the fourth largest exporter of iron ore to the Eastern market and Africa’s largest iron ore exporter. Even though South Africa contains more than 70% of the world’s manganese reserves, it only accounts for approximately 33,5% of the global manganese production – still making it the largest producer of manganese in the world.

The huge uptake of this commodity is largely due to the world’s increased need to find sustainable means to produce lithium, zinc carbon and alkaline batteries used in necessary items like cellular phones, electric cars and domestic geysers.

Dube added that as a direct result of this growth, other investments by Transnet Port Terminals have been made to improve operational efficiencies and capacity with some of the most recent projects including the receipt of new 32 ton forklifts earlier this year with an additional six 32 ton forklifts and three 1ton forklifts being delivered by the end of 2018.

These forklifts, which totaled R30 million, perform a crucial function in the movement and loading of manganese at the facility in Saldanha, which handles various break-bulk cargo via a skip process.

On the iron ore front, the refurbishment of tipplers is required to extend the life of this important equipment at the terminal and ensure the machinery is also safe for operating. TPT has embarked on a project that involves procuring a third tippler to sustain a capacity of 60mtpa during the imminent refurbishment of the second tippler and the eventual shut down of the first tippler due to it reaching its end-of-life. This project is due to be completed in 2020.

Port of Saldanha Bay, featured in Africa PORTS & SHIPS maritime news
Port of Saldanha Bay

“These investments will ensure more efficient and effective handling of cargo and ultimately help us to meet the demands of our clients and grow the region’s economy. We believe the combined efforts and results in Saldanha are key to assisting TPT achieve our goal of becoming one of the top five terminal operators globally in five years,” said Dube.

In the same period, TPT has spent in excess of R1.1 billion on empowering suppliers in black economic empowerment (B-BBEE) spend within the Western Cape region, which the Saldanha Terminal is a part of. This is out of a R1.55 billion total procurement spend over the same period. Amongst the beneficiaries of the BEE spend include businesses owned by women, youth, qualifying and micro enterprises.

Boasting the largest natural, deep-water port in South Africa, TPT’s Saldanha Terminal has an average draft of 17.5m across its combined five berths with an ability to accommodate post panamax and Cape-sized vessels. The terminal remains the largest iron ore export facility in Africa loading between 23 – 32 vessels per month.

Saldanha is water-scarce and to ensure sufficient fresh water, TPT invested in a reverse osmosis plant that uses the existing seawater, which sifts it of brine for use in dust control management at the terminal. In August of 2016, the terminal handled its one billionth ton of iron ore, which coincided with the 40th anniversary of the first export of the commodity in 1976.[/restrict]



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HMS Dragon and dhow, featured in African PORTS & SHIPS maritime news
HMS Dragon and dhow

HMS Dragon, a Royal Navy Type 45 Destroyer has interdicted 3048kg of hashish from a dhow acting suspiciously in the Indian Ocean, along an area known as ‘The Hash Highway,’ reports the Combined Maritime Forces (CMF).

The warship was operating as direct support to CTF150, the CMF’s counter terrorism and narcotics smuggling task force, commanded by…[restrict] Commodore Hassan Alsharani of the Royal Saudi Navy. The Royal Saudi Naval Forces assumed command of CTF150 in August of this year and ships acting in direct support to their maritime security operations have seized over 10.5 tons of hashish in this time.

The 'stash' of hashish found in hidden compartments in the dhow, featured in Africa PORTS & SHIPS maritime news
The ‘stash’ of hashish found in hidden compartments in the dhow

Deploying both the Royal Naval and Royal Marine boarding teams to ensure crew safety and facilitate the technical search of the vessel, the team found false compartments within which 148 bags of narcotics were found.

Lieutenant Laurie Williams RN (Deputy Marine Engineer and Royal Naval Boarding Officer) said: “During our initial search, it became apparent that there were a number of discrepancies with the dhow. This led to a search of the vessel, where my team managed to find drugs hidden within it. This success validates the significant hard work of all onboard to ensure that we were in the right place, with the right training and equipment to achieve this result. The boarding team have all put in a lot of work to ensure that, alongside their core roles onboard, they were able to find and seize a large amount of illegal drugs.”

Commander Mike Carter-Quinn, Dragon’s Commanding Officer, said the seizure was testament not only to days of focussed hard work, but also to months of effort in preparation for HMS Dragon’s operational deployment.

“The Dragons – all 260 of my crew, from the Royal Navy, Royal Marines, and US Coastguard – have done themselves and their families proud and I couldn’t be more proud and honoured to serve with them every day,” he said.

HMS Dragon will continue to support CTF 150’s mission over the coming days.

This latest haul brings the total of hashish seized by CMF warships in 2018 to 45,400kg, the most in CMF history and almost a 4 fold increase from 2017. source: CMF[/restrict]

The intercepted dhow, featured in Africa PORTS & SHIPS maritime news
The intercepted dhow



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Capsized catamaran Escape Catin Table Bay, picture NSRI, featured in Africa PORTS & SHIPS maritime news
Picture courtesy: NSRI

The South African Maritime Safety Authority (SAMSA) has launched an investigation into the capsizing of the sunset cruise Catamaran, ESCAPE CAT, in Table Bay on the evening of Monday, 26 November 2018.

SAMSA spokesman Sobantu Tilayi, SAMSA COO says the organisation would urgently look into why the Escape Cat had overturned and would report back as soon as possible.

“Fortunately there was no loss of life, but SAMSA is always concerned when something like this occurs. Our investigators will be talking to everyone concerned to ensure we avoid a repeat,” he says.

Three South Africans – the skipper and two crew members – and five passengers from the United Kingdom (two males and three females) were treated for non-threatening injuries and or mild hypothermia following the accident. They were transported to Cape Town Medi-Clinic as a precaution.

The NSRI securing the capsized catamaran Escape Cat in Granger Bay. Picture: NSRI

The vessel was secured by the NSRI on a three-anchor spread outside the outer breakwater.

The vessel was to be towed into port following the removal of the mainsail, jib and mast and righted once alongside Jetty No 2.

The NSRI Table Bay Station provided additional information soon after the incident, reporting that they had used two rescue craft to go to the assistance of the catamaran and that following the operation that saw all eight survivors safely rescued, they towed the capsized catamaran to Granger Bay outside the harbour entrance where it was secured for the night. Lights were secured to mark the navigational hazard and prevent any collision.

Prior to that the NSRI had responded to the news that the catamaran had capsized with people on board. On arrival at the scene they found eight persons – three local males and five tourists from the UK (two males and three females) on the upturned hull. All were wearing life jackets but it turned out that one of the tourists had been below decks when the boat flipped leaving her trapped inside the galley with a rapidly diminishing pocket of air.

From what the NSRI has been able to gather, the skipper of the Catamaran had free dived under the catamaran and was able to bring the mom out from below decks. The NSRI commended the skipper for this action.

Another female suffered a fractured shoulder and has had to receive treatment at the hospital where all five tourists were taken. Others were bruised and shaken up but following their care at the hospital were able to return to their guest lodge.

On hearing the news the owner of the lodge had meanwhile taken a taxi to the hospital to check on her guests. After having secured the capsized catamaran for the night the NSRI Table Bay coxswain Pat van Eyssen and station commander Quentin Botha also drove to the hospital at 23h55 and transported the five patients and guest lodge owner to the guest lodge.


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The hard-working NSRI rescue craft Spirit of Toft at Port Elizabeth, featured in Africa PORTS & SHIPS maritime news
The hard-working rescue craft Spirit of Toft

Another medical emergency at sea involving a seaman on board a passing ship has seen the National Sea Rescue Institute (NSRI) responding to rendezvous with the bulk carrier 34 nautical miles south-east of Port Elizabeth.

The drama began at 09h40 on Sunday when the Maritime Rescue Coordination Centre (MRCC) based near Cape Town, the Transnet National Ports Authority (TNPA), Telkom Maritime Radio Services, Government Health EMS Control and …[restrict] an EMS duty doctor plus the NSRI investigated reports of a crewman on board the bulker who required urgent medical attention.

After consultation by radio the EMS doctor confirmed that the patient needed to be evacuated to hospital as soon as possible.

At 14h45, with the ship now a little closer to Port Elizabeth, the sea rescue craft Spirit of Toft was launched accompanied by an EMS rescue paramedic, an NSRI duty doctor and one of the NSRI crewmen who is a student paramedic.

“We rendezvoused with the vessel at 17h02 some 34 nautical miles South East of Port Elizabeth in four metre swells,” said Ian Gray, NSRI Port Elizabeth station commander. “A NSRI crewman, a NSRI medic and the EMS rescue paramedic were transferred aboard the ship and medical treatment commenced for the ill crewman who was found to be in a critical condition.”

Once his condition had been stabilised the ill Filipino crewman was secured into a Stokes basket stretcher and at 20h16 transferred onto the sea rescue craft using a high-angle rig and rope extrication system.

“Treatment by our NSRI medic, the EMS rescue paramedic and our NSRI doctor continued onboard our sea rescue craft and with the patient in a critical but stable condition he was brought to our sea rescue base from where he was transported to hospital by EMS ambulance.”

Communications during the operation were assisted by Telkom Maritime Radio Services. The rescue operation was completed at 23h00.[/restrict]



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Trans Global Projects delivers logistics for the most remote construction site in the world

Supplying Antarctica Rothera Project, appearing in Africa PORTS & SHIPS maritime news


Teesside, UK/Rothera Point, Antarctica, 26 November 2018:    For the Trans Global Projects Group (TGP), no location is too remote. But while the UK-based international project logistics specialist has handled numerous projects in some of the most inaccessible locations around the globe, even for industry professionals, Antarctica is a unique and challenging destination to serve.

TGP was awarded the contract for project logistics management for a shipment of equipment and construction materials to the British Antarctic Survey’s (BAS) Rothera Research Station at Rothera Point by BAM. The global construction and civil engineering company is in charge of removing Rothera Point’s old wharf and building a new one.

The facility is to accommodate the UK’s new state-of-the-art polar research vessel, RRS Sir David Attenborough. Serving as a UK Hub for polar science, Rothera is located 900 miles south of the tip of South America on Adelaide Island, which is along the western coast of the Antarctic Peninsula.

Expertise in logistics biosecurity

While Antarctica has the coldest and one of the harshest climates on Earth, it also has unique and sensitive ecosystems that can be threatened by the incursion of non-native species of plants and animals. The biggest logistical challenge facing the TGP team was ensuring the shipment headed for Rothera remained completely contamination-free and in compliance with the British Antarctic Survey Biosecurity Handbook and The Polar Code, which was enacted to minimise the risk of nonnative species being introduced to the Antarctic continent.

Colin Charnock, TGP CEO, comments: “Trans Global Projects won this contract thanks to our extensive track-record in biosecurity and quarantine procedures – most notably in our work with project shipments and logistics to Australia, which has some of the strictest biosecurity regulations in the world.”

However, the Rothera project team faced another major challenge: no construction equipment or material is available on-site in Rothera. It is fair to say that this might be the most remote construction site in the world. This therefore necessitated TGP to work hand-in-hand with BAM to consolidate, prepare and ship almost all the supplies and equipment necessary for the wharf removal and re-construction at the research base on a single vessel charter.

Over the course of several weeks in late October and November, a team of Trans Global Projects experts worked at a specially prepared site to direct all aspects of the decontamination and loading procedures at AV Dawson facilities at Teesport in Teesside, UK, which is well equipped to handle such extensive cargo treatments.

“TGP is a recognised leader and expert in the field of biosecurity logistics,” says Charnock. “We offer consultancy services and human resources to our partners at all steps of the process, from development of the biosecurity concept through to the implementation thereof.”

The decontamination process for the Rothera shipment was multi-faceted and exhaustive. Firstly, the Teesport biosecure facility underwent deep cleaning directly prior to commencement of receiving cargo. This specially scheduled cleaning of the facility was conducted in addition to a maintenance schedule of spraying insecticides, pesticides and herbicides in and around the facility on top of the manual inspection for and removal of weeds, rodents, insects and other pests.

Secondly, all cargo intended for the November shipment to Rothera Research Station was inspected upon arrival and then washed using ultra high-pressure water jets. This decontamination process developed by TGP for this shipment is unique in its scope.

“As far as we are aware, this project represents the first time such stringent export procedures have been carried out at a UK port facility,” explains Charnock. The cargo, where deemed necessary, was additionally treated with residual insecticide solutions. All containers and loading equipment underwent fumigation, and only timber compliant with the International Standards for Phytosanitary Measures No. 15 (ISPM15) was used for export packing.

The shipment

The shipment departed from Teesside, UK, on 22 November for a 9,600-mile trip to Rothera – a journey estimated to take approximately four to five weeks. The largest pieces were two 300-tonne crawler crane cabs.

Overall 13,000 cbm + 85 containers of cargo were prepared and loaded on board the vessel, an F-Type multipurpose ship geared with two 125 mt cranes combinable to lift up to 250 mt and featuring a Polar Class PC7 certification (which corresponds to Finnish-Swedish lce Class 1A).

The vessel itself also underwent a similar decontamination process in accordance with the biosecurity plan implemented by Trans Global Projects.

During the short Antarctic summer, temperatures typically range between 0 to +5 degrees Celsius. However, it can snow at any time of year and because of its coastal location and the Southern Ocean low-pressure weather systems, temperatures can vary widely at any time.

There is usually sea ice restricting sea traffic to the continent through to the end of November. Since Rothera Research Station is just south of the Antarctic Circle, both the vessel’s crew and the Rothera team will be able to take advantage of 24hours of summertime daylight to unload the cargo.


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Plans for Takoradi have it looking like this, featured in Africa PORTS & SHIPS maritime news
Plans for Takoradi have it looking like this

Ghana has announced plans of developing the Port of Takoradi as a oil and gas hub.

This was announced by the Ghana Minister of Finance, Ken Ofori, who said that work has already begun on developing a container and multi-purpose terminal facility at Takoradi which would have a draught clearance of -16 metres.

“The first phase of the dry bulk jetty, which involves the construction of the 600-metre quay wall, was completed. The second phase of an additional 200-metre quay wall will commence in 2019,” Mr Ofori-Atta said while delivering…[restrict] his 2019 Budget and Economic Statement to Parliament on 15 November.

The port of Takoradi, which was the country’s original commercial port before Tema was built, handles about 30 per cent of Ghana’s seaborne trade. Until now the port has catered primarily for bulk type cargo.

The main exports include manganese, bauxite, forest products, mining equipment and bulk and bagged cocoa beans.

Aluminium ore exports amounted to 965,000 tonnes in 2015, manganese ore exports were 1.3 million tonnes and cocoa beans amounted to 650,000 tonnes.

The main imports consist of clinker, wheat, petroleum products and containerised cargo.

Takoradi has dedicated berths for the handling of manganese, bauxite and oil products.

The Port Master Plan aims at improving the draught within the port and its approaches, the building of an additional breakwater, the reclamation of land to create an oil services hub, construction of additional berths, new landside infrastructure and a new offshore oil base. Included in the port plans are a floating dry dock, a 300-metre quay and fabrication yards for light and heavy industries. source: Graphic online[/restrict]


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Francophone summit on pollution at sea control, featured in Africa PORTS & SHIPS maritime news

Eleven francophone African countries* have agreed on an action plan to better implement IMO’s key treaty on prevention of pollution from ships – the MARPOL Convention, Annexes I-V, reports the International Maritime Organization (IMO).

The plan includes both national and regional actions as well as recommendations to IMO, which aim to address the root causes hampering the effective…[restrict] implementation of MARPOL. In particular, two priority areas have been identified: the provision of adequate port reception facilities and the application of MARPOL measures to offshore activities.

The plan was agreed at a regional meeting in Côte d’Ivoire (19-21 November) organised by IMO and the Ministry of Transport of Côte d’Ivoire.

Participants took into account the MARPOL-related findings of IMO audits that were carried out in the majority of the countries attending. Institutional and regulatory issues, as well as human and financial resources, were identified among obstacles to effective implementation.

Some of the actions, such as facilitating access to relevant IMO documents by technical staff and enhancing inter-ministerial coordination, can be taken up immediately. Others are envisaged to require more time, such as adopting new national legislation to implement recent MARPOL amendments, and allocating additional resources to recruit and train officers to effectively enforce the obligations set out in MARPOL.

The action plan also identifies needs for further technical assistance for the participating countries.

*Benin, Cameroon, Comoros, Congo, Côte d’Ivoire, Democratic Republic of Congo, Gabon, Guinee, Mauritania, Senegal, and Togo[/restrict]



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Russian ships blocking access under the bridge. Picture: Ukrainian Presidential Press Service, featured in Africa PORTS & SHIPS maritime news
Russian ships blocking access under the bridge.      Picture: Ukrainian Presidential Press Service

Tensions have been raised once more in the disagreements between Russia and the Ukraine after Russia used a commercial bulk carrier to block access to three Ukraine Navy ships attempting to enter the Sea of Azov.

After stopping the navy ships from accessing…[restrict] the Sea of Azov via the Kerch Strait on Sunday the three Ukrainian ships were subsequently forced to go to a Russian-held harbour in Crimea where they are being detained.

The two countries enjoy the right to use the sea of Azov by way of a bilateral treaty. The narrow Strait of Kerch separates the sea from the Black Sea and is linked by a bridge built by Russia under which ships have to sail and it was in this gap that the bulker was placed, effectively blocking access to the Ukrainians.

Tensions have remained high since Russia annexed the Crimea in 2014.

Russia backed up its action against the three ships with Sukhoi Su-25 jet aircraft and combat helicopters flying overhead.

Ukraine says it has the right to send its ships into the Sea of Azov. The three Ukrainian ships, a tug and two small gunboats were sailing from Odessa in Ukraine to Mariupol, a Ukrainian coastal city on the coast of the Azov Sea. The tug was rammed by a Russian vessel during the incident.[/restrict]



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Subtech banner appearing in Africa PORTS & SHIPS maritime news

The Subtech Group, part of James Fisher and Sons plc, has been awarded multi-million dollar contracts with a major oil and gas contractor, supporting a number of offshore and subsea projects across the Middle East.

The contracts cover a range of works from installation and maintenance to demolition and decommissioning and will draw upon resources from the wider James Fisher group in order to offer a seamless, integrated service solution to the customer via a single point of contact within Subtech.

“We’re really thrilled to work closely with the major oil and gas contractor on numerous projects in the Arabian Gulf,” said Paul Whiley, managing director at Subtech Group. “Access to a comprehensive array of offshore equipment and skilled personnel within the James Fisher group means we can offer a single point solution that many…[restrict] other service providers in the region simply cannot match.”

Specialist crew and equipment is being mobilised in support of the operations and will join teams based permanently in the region to complete the concurrent projects.

The scope of works include a significant subsea installation project utilising the Mubarak Supporter DP2 construction vessel for the installation of flexibles, umbilicals and power cables, combined with pipeline demolition works as well as employing specialist diving teams and equipment in the Safaniya and Manifa fields in the Arabian Gulf.

Subtech, featured in news report in Africa PORTS & SHIPS maritime news

Further on the Safaniya field, Subtech has recently completed a significant scope of work utilising the offshore supply vessel, BOURBON ENTERPRISE, involving the installation of umbilical’s, flexibles, power cables, impressed current cathodic protection (ICCP), concrete mattresses and air diving support on spool, shroud and tie-in installations. Presently the Bourbon Enterprise is continuing to carry out an air diving support role.

“Over the past 12 months, we’ve continued investment locally and have been involved in a wide range of projects in what has been the biggest development for James Fisher in the Middle East so far,” Whiley added.

The latest contract wins follow announcements earlier this year from James Fisher, confirming an expansion of services in the Middle East and a host of contract awards, including recently completed trenching works and five major construction and decommissioning projects that are scheduled for completion at the end of the year.[/restrict]



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Port of Tema, featured in Africa PORTS & SHIPS maritime news
Port of Tema

In 2015, the Board and Management of Ghana Ports and Harbours Authority (GPHA) took the decision to build another terminal at Tema harbour. The decision was based on the need for a new automated terminal that increased the volume and efficiency of operations at the harbour.

Its successful completion would make Tema a competitive global shipping hub. Not only was this necessitated by the global trend towards automation and competition but also the growth in population, increased economic activity and the corresponding lifestyle choices of Ghanaians as a result of economic growth.

The original plan by GPHA sought to put the expansion project through a competitive tendering process. Two projects were advertised. One for the construction of the terminal and the other for the operations once the terminal was completed. This decision had been unanimously taken by the board and management as it…[restrict] safeguarded GPHA’s economic interest and guaranteed a speedy completion of the project.

In total over 56 entities expressed interest of which 20 were shortlisted. The likes of Van Oord, Jan de Null, Boskalis, Besix, CHEC China Harbour and Jay Cashman(USA) expressed interest. Another 15 bids were received for the operation of the new terminal. Bids from these global companies underscored the high interest the project had generated across the globe.

Interestingly, no bids were received from Meridian Port Services (MPS), a consortium formed in 2003 consisting of Meridian Port Holdings(MPH) and GPHA. APMT and Bollore’, the companies that make up MPS however registered their interest as separate entities for the Terminal Operations Tender.

Midway through the terminal operations tender, the NDC government under former president John Mahama issued a presidential fiat halting the entire process. Apart from the fact that this directive grossly breached the Public Procurement Rules, it also severely impeded the ability of GPHA to freely and competitively negotiate in the interest of Ghanaians. This ultimately set the stage for a badly negotiated contract that mortgaged the economic interest of Ghanaians to MPS and its foreign shareholders for a generation.

Danquah Institute banner, appearing ina report in Africa PORTS & SHIPS maritime news

To emphasise the seriousness of this capitulation Danquah raises two main points: first, under the Investment Protection Regime of the agreement (clause 3.3), GPHA is precluded from initiating, developing or authorizing the development or operation of any other container terminal within the Tema Port and within a radius of 20 nautical miles.

According to the Danquah Institute this clause fetters the ability of GPHA to carry out its mandate as required under section 5 of PNDCL 160, to inter alia, “maintain the port facilities, extend, and enlarge facilities as the authority sees fit, and regulate the use of a port and of port facilities”.

Clause 3.3 of the DoA therefore is inconsistent with the general duty imposed on GPHA not to contract out of its statutory mandate under PNDCL 160.

Second, in view of the fact that container business attracted nearly $97.24 million in 2017 it is baffling to say the least how any well-meaning negotiator will agree to fundamentally cede the main source of revenue of GHPA to MPS at first asking.

The above notwithstanding, by November 2015, the 2004 contract(MPS2) between GPHA and MPS had been amended giving full rights for both the construction and operation of the new terminal to MPS. A critical look at the DoA establishing (MPS3) does not only expose the effects of the lack of a competitive tendering process but possess an existential threat to GPHA as it is known.

“Let us be under no illusion, the consequences of the MPS3 contract as it stands on GPHA, the numerous private stevedoring companies and Ghanaians in general will be economically dire.”

“The contract, when implemented in its current form, GPHA and Ghanaians for that matter, will lose 72 per cent of the US$109 million-dollar revenue the GPHA made in 2017,” the Danquah Institute says.

Edward Kweku Asomani, the Executive Director of the Danquah Institute, featured in Africa PORTS & SHIPS maritime news
Edward Kweku Asomani, Executive Director of the Danquah Institute

“At least 1,400 permanent workers as well as other casual employees of GPHA and other companies in Tema and Takoradi will lose their jobs in 2020,” said Edward Kweku Asomani, the Executive Director of the Danquah Institute at a news briefing in Accra.

Asomani said that if parties to the construction and operation of a new terminal did not meet to re-negotiate the contract within 60 days, the institute would resort to legal action.

He said that the institute’s investigations showed that MPS did not submit a bid in 2003 yet was awarded the contract.

MPS is a joint venture between GPHA and Meridian Port Holdings Limited, with Bolloré Transport & Logistics and Maersk’s APM Terminals as the two main shareholders. Both companies have formed close partnerships in the development and operation of several African ports and terminals.

French Bollore Group has interests in construction, logistics, media, advertising and shipping. Its African business, Bolloré Africa Logistics, is the biggest transport and logistics operator in Africa, where it has a network with 250 subsidiaries and almost 25,000 employees.

In April this year, Vincent Bollore, head of the Bollore Group, was arrested and detained in France as part of an ongoing investigation over allegations that he indirectly influenced election outcomes for governments in West Africa and how his company obtained lucrative contracts to operate ports in Togo and Guinea.

The Danquah Institute regards itself as guardians and ambassadors of the political and economic thought known as liberalism and how its promotion must benefit Africa and the African as members of the greater global community.

It seeks to achieve this through:
Public advocacy of ideas and philosophy of J.B. Danquah, particularly amongst Ghana’s youth.
Research into governance, economic and media issues.
Publication of research papers, seminar proceedings and a periodic journal, the DI Quarterly.
Organisation of seminal events to provide a forum to debate and evaluate policy prescriptions.
Networking with other like-minded think tanks and organisations across the African continent.
source: Danquah Institute & Business Ghana[/restrict]



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DCT North Quay, Pier 2, featured in Africa PORTS & SHIPS maritime news
DCT North Quay, Pier 2

Work on deepening and lenthening the North Quay on Pier 2, Durban Container Terminal has been dealt a blow following an order to stop work that has been issued by Transnet.

The project to deepen and lengthen berths 203, 204 and 205 at DCT – need to handle large container ships with full loads – had only recently received the green light but now, in the aftermath of the dismissal of former chief executive Siyabonga Gama, and enquiries into the extent of corruptive practices at Transnet, the board of Transnet SOC Ltd last week issued a stop work instruction on the Main marine Construction works contract of the Durban Container Terminal (DCT) Pier 2’s North Quay berth deepening and lengthening project.

The contract for the multi-billion-rand Main Marine Construction Works package of the project was awarded to CMI Emtateni Joint Venture, following an open tender process that started in January 2017 and closed on 22 August 2017.

According to Transnet four tenders were received and evaluated and adjudicated by November 2017. The decision to award…[restrict] the contract to CMI Emtateni JV was signed on 30 July 2018.

The following month one of the unsuccessful bidders lodged a complaint with Transnet saying they were no happy with the process and for not being awarded the contract on the basis of a number of issues.

In addition they lodged a court application challenging Transnet’s decision to award the contract to CMI Emtateni JV.

In addition to this Transnet was also provided with unsolicited information from a forensic investigator. This has led to Transnet initiating its own independent forensic investigation on these allegations raised.

Transnet now says that in the interest of good corporate governance it has decided to issue a stop work instruction on the Main Marine Construction Works contract pending the outcome of the investigation.

The state-owned company said that once the findings from the investigation have been received and studied it will provide further information regarding the implications to the Main Marine Construction contract and its impact on the timelines of the project.

Gama’s dismissal welcomed

In a semi-related matter, the board of Transnet SOC Limited has welcomed the Labour Court’s dismissal last week of the application by former CEO Siyabonga Gama.

Siyabonga Gama, former CEO of Transnet
Siyabonga Gama

Mr Gama’s application sought to interdict the board from terminating his employment.

Mr Gama’s has been implicated in the purchase of hundreds of locomotives from two Chinese companies that are being regarded with suspicion by investigators into the total purchase of more than one thousand locomotives from several international companies. The Chinese purchases have been linked with Gupta-family connections, leading to the suspicion and investigations.

Transnet said in a statement at although the application referred to above was moot given that as Mr Gama’s employment has already been terminated, it confirmed the correctness of board’s approach in dealing with this matter.

“It also reinforces our resolve to ensure good governance and accountability among the leadership of Transnet and those responsible for the management of public funds.”[/restrict]



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Safe Africa log and banner, appearing in Africa PORTS & SHIPS maritime news

African Road Safety Observatory

It was reported by the International Transport Forum (ITF) in week commencing 18 November, that 20% of global road deaths occur in Africa, although the continent only has 2% of the world’s vehicles.

A key concern for policy makers tackling this crisis is the lack of data on road crashes. If anything, the total number of road deaths is significantly underreported. Collecting and analysing accurate data that can inform policy requires harmonised and rigorous collection methods.

To address this issue, and following a Memorandum of Understanding signed…[restrict] earlier this year, the World Bank, the Fédération Internationale de l’Automobile (FIA) and the ITF are working, together with other key stakeholders such as the African Transport Policy Programme (SSATP), towards the establishment of the African Road Safety Observatory.

The Observatory aims to provide African governments with a platform to foster international and continental cooperation in Africa and to generate robust road safety data and analysis. It will also work to help governments better understand and more effectively use this data.

The observatory will enable knowledge-sharing by countries with exemplary crash data collection and analysis with those that want to improve. Positive experience with the Ibero-American Road Safety Observatory (OISEVI) – that ITF was instrumental in creating in 2011 – has inspired the development of the African Observatory.

The overall SaferAfrica concept is depicted as a pyramid. The top of the pyramid represents road safety and traffic management actions. The other two layers represent the Dialogue Platform: the upper level is an high decision-making level, while the lower one constitutes a technical/operative level articulated into working groups on specific road safety and traffic management themes; these two levels are closely interconnected to foster an appropriate match between African road safety policy evolution, application, knowledge enhancement and institutional delivery capacity.<br> The base of the pyramid consists of four pillars defined according to the priorities highlighted by the Africa Road Safety Action Plan mid-term review:<br> * Road safety knowledge and data (with the specific objective of setting up the African Road Safety Observatory)<br> * Road safety and traffic management capacity reviews<br> * Capacity building and training<br> * Sharing of good practices. Featured in Africa PORTS & SHIPS maritime news
The overall SaferAfrica concept is depicted as a pyramid. The top of the pyramid represents road safety and traffic management actions. The other two layers represent the Dialogue Platform: the upper level is an high decision-making level, while the lower one constitutes a technical/operative level articulated into working groups on specific road safety and traffic management themes; these two levels are closely interconnected to foster an appropriate match between African road safety policy evolution, application, knowledge enhancement and institutional delivery capacity.
The base of the pyramid consists of four pillars defined according to the priorities highlighted by the Africa Road Safety Action Plan mid-term review:
* Road safety knowledge and data (with the specific objective of setting up the African Road Safety Observatory)
* Road safety and traffic management capacity reviews
* Capacity building and training
* Sharing of good practices.

The creation of the Observatory was announced at First African Road Safety Forum, held from 13-15 November in Marrakesh, Morocco, and jointly organised by the Kingdom of Morocco and SSATP.

ITF Secretary-General Young Tae Kim stressed the importance of good data during his opening speech at the Forum. He later met with Abdelkader Amara, Moroccan Minister of Equipment, Transport, Logistics and Water.

About the ITF

The International Transport Forum at the OECD is an intergovernmental organisation with 59 member countries. It acts as a study centre for transport policy and organises the Annual Summit of transport ministers. ITF is the only global body that covers all transport modes. The ITF is administratively integrated with the OECD, yet politically autonomous.

The ITF works for transport policies that improve people’s lives. Its mission is to foster a deeper understanding of the role of transport in economic growth, environmental sustainability and social inclusion and to raise the public profile of transport policy.

The ITF organises global dialogue for better transport. It acts as a platform for discussion and pre-negotiation of policy issues across all transport modes. It analyses trends, shares knowledge and promotes exchange among transport decision-makers and civil society.

Its ITF’s Annual Summit is the world’s largest gathering of transport ministers and the leading global platform for dialogue on transport policy.

Created on 18 May 2006 by ministers from 43 countries, the roots of ITF go back to 1953, when 16 European nations established the European Conference of Ministers of Transport (ECMT), an international organisation by treaty, to ‘coordinate and rationalise European inland transport of international importance’. The ECMT remains the legal core of today’s International Transport Forum.[/restrict]

Edited by Paul Ridgway



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NSRI Port Elizabeth's Spirit of Toft and medi-evacuation of patient from ship in Algoa Bay, featured in Africa PORTS & SHIPS maritime news - picture NSRI Port Elizabeth
NSRI Port Elizabeth’s Spirit of Toft and medi-evacuation of patient from ship in Algoa Bay

The National Sea Rescue Institute, which maintains rescue stations around the long South Africa coast, is kept constantly busy with calls for assistance that often includes crisis such as drownings or near drownings at the country’s beaches, or people missing in the water or on nearby land, or injured during trail walking or, as in the cases reported here, with medical evacuations from ships and other vessels at sea.

East London

At 02h00 on Wednesday, 21 November, reports Geoff McGregor, NSRI East London station commander, the NSRI East London duty crew were activated by the Transnet National Ports Authority (TNPA) following a request for medical assistance for a crewman on board a passing bulk carrier.

A 200 metre bulk tanker, then still some distance from East London after having sailed from Port Elizabeth, had been instructed to come towards the Port of East London by MRCC working in conjunction with Telkom Maritime Radio Services. This was after a Government Health EMS duty doctor evaluated the Vietnamese patient as suffering suspected appendicitis.

At 05h00 that morning the NSRI East London sea rescue craft Spirit of Lotto was launched and rendezvoused with the ship in the outer anchorage of East London where the patient was transferred to the sea rescue craft and brought safely to shore in a stable condition. He was then taken by ambulance to a local hospital in a stable condition for further treatment.

Hout Bay

Lyall Pringle, NSRI Hout Bay station commander reports that at 14h05, Thursday 22 November, the NSRI Hout Bay duty crew were alerted by the TNPA to a fishing vessel heading towards Hout Bay harbour and requiring an ambulance on arrival for a fisherman, a local male, who was suffering breathing difficulties.

The NSRI Hout Bay prepared to meet the fishing vessel on her arrival and MRCC (Maritime Rescue Coordination Centre) were alerted while in the meantime a Government Health EMS duty doctor evaluated the patient’s condition which was deemed to be intermediate and not urgent. As a result the Metro EMS Control dispatched an ER24 ambulance to the NSRI Hout Bay station to assist on the vessel’s arrival in harbour.

It was then established that the patient’ condition had escalated to a reduced level of consciousness and NSRI Hout Bay launched the sea rescue craft Albie Matthews accompanied by an ER24 rescue paramedic and rendezvoused with the fishing vessel five nautical miles from Hout Bay harbour.

The patient was transferred onto the sea rescue craft in a serious condition and in the care of the ER24 rescue paramedic he was brought to Hout Bay harbour and from there transported by ER24 ambulance to hospital in a serious but stable condition.

On the following day, Friday 23 November, Geoff Stevens, NSRI Hout Bay deputy station commander, reported that at 17h35 that day the NSRI Hout Bay duty crew were alerted by the TNPA following a request for medical assistance from a fishing vessel heading towards Hout Bay harbour from 40 nautical miles West of Hout Bay. On board was a fisherman who had suffered an amputated left thumb while working with machinery onboard.

The sea rescue craft Albie Matthews and Nadine Gordimer were launched accompanied by two WC Government Health EMS rescue paramedics. On rendezvousing with the fishing vessel 25 nautical miles West of Hout Bay, and in two to three metre swells, medical crew boarded the fishing vessel where the patient was treated before being transferred onto the sea rescue craft Nadine Gordimer.

In the care of the EMS rescue paramedics he was brought to Hout Bay harbour and transported to hospital by an EMS ambulance in a serious but stable condition.

Port Elizabeth

On Saturday 24 November, at 08h45, reports Ian Gray, NSRI Port Elizabeth station commander, the NSRI Port Elizabeth duty crew were activated by TNPA following a request for medical assistance from an oil tanker which was at anchorage off-shore in Algoa Bay. Two crewmen had been injured in a fall onboard the ship.

Maritime Rescue Coordination Centre (MRCC) arranged a Government Health EMS duty doctor to evaluate the condition of the two patients while the NSRI launched the sea rescue craft Spirit of Toft and JLK Rescuer and accompanied by EC Government Health EMS rescue paramedics, they headed out into Algoa Bay.

On arrival on scene NSRI and EMS crew went onboard the ship and taken by the ship’s crew to the patients in the ship’s sick bay> One patient was found to be in a satisfactory condition with only scratches and bruising and not requiring further medical care awhile the other, an Indian crewman, was found to have more serious injuries.

The patient was treated for his injuries and stabilised before being secured into a Stokes basket stretcher and transferred onto the sea rescue craft using the ships crane.

The patient was then taken to the sea rescue station in the care of the EMS rescue paramedics and from there transported by ambulance to hospital in a stable but serious condition.



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Mombasa's second container terminal, featured in Africa PORTS & SHIPS maritime news
Mombasa’s second container terminal

The Port of Mombasa is set to reaffirm its position as the second busiest general cargo port* in sub-Saharan Africa with a forecast of exceeding 31 million tonnes of cargo throughput by the end of 2018.

As part of that volume Mombasa will have handled 1.2 million container TEUs for the year, up from the 1.190 million TEUs recorded in 2017. Last year the port handled a total cargo volume of 30.35mt.

Acting Kenya Ports Authority managing director, Dr Arch Daniel Manduku said the port was continuing to register growth despite several challenges.

“At KPA the management team and staff reviewed the set goals and agreed to walk the talk and deliver our remit the best way we could,” Manduku said.

He reported that about a fortnight earlier the…[restrict] 9,411-TEU capacity MSC MAXINE had made her maiden call at the port of Mombasa, Maxine being one of the largest container ships to have called.

Manduku said the container terminal personnel stayed focused and set a new performance record of 1450 container moves within an eight-hour shift.

This was the third container operations record set within this year and an improvement of 20 per cent on the record set at Mombasa in June 2018, he said.

It was important to note also that transshipment cargo is continuing on an upward path, the MD said, with a 40 per cent increase from 56,740 TEU’s in the period January to September 2017 to 79,510 TEU’s for the same period this year.

The KPA remained confident that container traffic will continue to grow into the future.

He pointed out that ports across Africa were investing heavily in infrastructure to cope with increasing volumes of traffic and to cope with growing customer expectations.

As an example he pointed out that the Nairobi Inland Container Depot (ICD)’s annual capacity has been increased from 180,000 TEU to 450,000 TEU in order to complement the effects of the standard gauge railway (SGR) and to accommodate increased cargo destined for the hinterland. In addition, smart gates have been introduced at the Nairobi ICD that improve truck turnaround time.

“Going forward, we intend to acquire more land for further expansion to improve its fluidity,” he said.

Construction of phase 2 of the second container terminal was underway which will add 550,000 TEU capacity to the port.

Manduku announced that the tender has been awarded to relocate Kipevu Oil Terminal ahead of demands of the oil industry (see separate report on oil transfer to Mombasa).

Referring to the new port at Lamu, Dr Manduku said that construction work on phase 1 has passed the 50 per cent mark.

* It should be remembered that the Nigerian port of Lagos consists of two “ports” – Apapa and Tin Can Island which if combined (they are both within Lagos harbour) their container throughput would place Lagos in second position in sub-Saharan Africa. Then there are ports like Richards Bay that handled 99 million tonnes of cargo in 2017 although the biggest proportion of this was a single commodity (coal). Nevertheless Richards Bay handled over 20mt of other commodities, mainly bulk.[/restrict]



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Tullow Oil, Kenya, appearing in Africa PORTS & SHIPS maritime news
Tullow Oil, Kenya

Tullow Oil, which is operating in Uganda and in Kenya, reports that to date, in a period of five and a half months, it has transported a total; of 30,000 barrels of oil to the port at Mombasa.

The first lifting of sweet Kenyan crude oil stored in Mombasa is expected in the second quarter of 2019.

In the meantime the transfer of stored crude oil from Turkana to Mombasa by…[restrict] road continues as part of the Early Oil Pilot Scheme with four trucks continuing to be dispatched every two days, transporting approximately 600 bopd.

However, Petroleum Africa reported that Tullow had promised before the start of the extraction that the initial production quota would be 2,000 bpd.

The JV between Tullow and the state-owned petroleum company said that after settling disputes with local communities last August, it undertook the necessary work to reach 2,000 bpd.

The dispute at Turkana led to a two-month suspension of operations. The company made the decision to add the Twiga field production to the Amosing and Ngamia fields, following production and water injection trials in the initial development phase.

An oil pipeline from the Lokichar oilfields is expected to be completed by March 2019.[/restrict]



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Transnet to take charge of rehabilitation and operation of Nigerian rail capegauge services

Transnet’s statement on taking the lead with the Nigerian railway

Transnet has confirmed reports including that in Africa PORTS & SHIPS – see here GE PULLS OUT OF NIGERIAN RAIL CONCESSION – HANDS OVER TO TRANSNET – about Transnet taking the lead in the Nigerian Capegauge railway network.

In its statement Transnet said it was “excited to announce that it has taken over from General Electric as the lead consortium partner for the Nigerian narrow-gauge railway project.”

The statement continued…….

Transnet and its consortium partners were selected as preferred bidders in May 2017.

The consortium comprise of APM Terminals, a global port, terminal and…[restrict] intermodal inland services provider, SinoHydro, a leading infrastructure construction services corporation and Transnet [which] is largest integrated freight transport company in Africa and has proven its expertise and deep capabilities across the logistics supply chain.

Transnet together with the other consortium parties have started the process to conduct a bankable feasibility study taking into account the change in partners and with the aim to enter into a 30-year concession agreement with the Nigerian government.

The 30-year concession is to fund, rehabilitate and operate Nigeria’s western and eastern narrow-gauge lines.

This will support the migration of traffic from road to rail and decongest Nigeria’s logistic infrastructure.

TIH’s Chief Executive, Mr. Petrus Fusi said: “The consortium will endeavour to reduce the cost doing business Nigeria and assist in knowledge sharing with all the partners involved.”

As per the approved international operational model of Transnet International Holding (TIH), the domestic balance sheet of Transnet SOC Ltd is exposed to a greatest minimum in such transactions.

The bankable feasibility study will cover all requirements to reach financial close. Transnet will communicate and engage funding partners upon completion of such processes.

Note: The ‘narrow gauge’ railways of Nigeria referred to above refers to the commonly-called Capegauge, or 3ft 6ins (1067mm) – the same gauge as is used throughout South and Southern Africa, the largest rail network in southern Africa. Nigeria has 3,505 km of 3ft 6in ( Capegauge) railway lines and 479km of standard gauge (4ft 8½ ins) lines. More of the latter is yet to be built.

In April this year the Nigerian government stated that it would no longer be funding any Capegauge railway operations in the country and that its focus would instead be on the standard gauge already under construction.[/restrict]


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Used motor vehicles being imported illegally into South Africa are being impounded and destroyed. Picture of Durban Car Terminal R berth by Terry Hutson, featured in Africa PORTS & SHIPS maritime news
Used motor vehicles being imported illegally into South Africa are being impounded and destroyed. Picture of Durban Car Terminal R berth by Terry Hutson

The South African Revenue Service (SARS) on Friday destroyed several imported illegal vehicles valued close to R4 million as part of a clampdown on non-compliance in various customs sectors.

This followed a two-day inter-governmental operation in Durban and the surrounding areas to tackle illicit trade. The operation got underway on Tuesday.

Over the past financial year, KwaZulu-Natal Customs officials confiscated…[restrict] 26 vehicles for various contraventions and these have now been forfeited to the state after following proper legal processes.

Of the 26 vehicles forfeited to the state in this financial year in KwaZulu-Natal, four were crushed today with 15 crushed in recent weeks. The remaining ones will be destroyed under Customs supervision in the coming weeks.

“The importation of second-hand imported vehicles is restricted into South Africa. Before the vehicles can be imported into South Africa, the client needs to obtain an import permit from the International Trade Administration Commission and also obtain a Letter of Authority from the National Regulator of Compulsory Specification.”

Previously, the seized second hand imported vehicles were sold at customs auction for export, but these vehicles invariably found their way back into South Africa, said the revenue service.

“This obviously has an impact on the local vehicle manufacturing industry, which contributes about 7.5% to the country’s gross domestic product. This important industry is hugely impacted by the unfair competition imposed by the influx of second hand vehicles.”

The same approach will be followed throughout the country, with Gauteng planned next followed by Limpopo. Currently, there are 317 vehicles which have been forfeited to the state nationally this financial year.

The operation in the Durban area involved other government departments with the focus being on clamping down on non-compliance relating to importation/exportation of goods, smuggling of illegal substances and the illegal storage/movement of second hand goods.

It included roadblocks at high risk areas, physical inspections of containers, cargo, bonded warehouses, patrols, vehicle check points, gate checks and vessel rummages.

Some of the successes of the operation include the detention of 260 second hand imported vehicles for further investigation into the validity of their importation. They were detected during inspections at two customs bonded warehouses on 20 November.

These cars are allowed to be in bonded warehouses for two years without having to pay duties.

In addition, there has also been a bust of suspected counterfeit clothing and textiles valued at approximately R6 million at King Shaka International Airport (KSIA) on Tuesday and Wednesday.

The goods were detected during random inspections in the cargo section at KSIA. source:[/restrict]



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HE Kitak Lim, Secretary General of the IMO Picture kindly provided by IMO ©, featured in Africa PORTS & SHIPS maritime news
Picture kindly provided by IMO ©

The IMO Council has agreed to renew the appointment of Kitack Lim as Secretary-General of the IMO for a second four-year term, beginning 1 January 2020, subject to the approval of the IMO Assembly in December 2019. This was reported by IMO on 23 November.

Mr Lim was born in Masan, Gyeongsangnam-do, in the Republic of Korea. He majored in nautical science at the Korea Maritime and Ocean University (KMOU), Busan, graduating in 1977. He worked on ships as a Korean naval officer and for an international shipping company. He joined the Korea Maritime and Port Administration in 1985, while continuing with further studies at the Graduate School of Administration, Yonsei University, obtaining a Master’s Degree in 1990. He then studied maritime administration at the World Maritime University (WMU), graduating with a master’s degree. From 1995 he attended a doctoral programme for international law at KMOU, completing course work in 1998.

Mr Lim began attending IMO meetings as part of the Republic of Korea’s delegation in 1986 and he engaged in activities to promote maritime safety through effective implementation of IMO conventions in his country and other IMO Member States in the Asian region. He was elected Chair of IMO’s Sub-Committee on Flag State Implementation (FSI – now III) in 2001 and of the Tokyo Memorandum on Port State Control in 2004.

In 2006, Mr Lim was appointed Director General of the Maritime Safety Bureau of the Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs (MLTM) and then as a Senior Maritime Attaché at the Embassy of the Republic of Korea in London and led all IMO work for the Republic of Korea, serving as an Alternate Permanent Representative to IMO up to August 2009. Following that, he was re-appointed Director General for Maritime Safety Bureau (MLTM).

In March 2011, Mr Lim was appointed Commissioner of the Korean Maritime Safety Tribunal (KMST).

In July 2012, he assumed the position of President of Busan Port Authority, until January 2016 when he took up his appointment as Secretary-General of IMO.

Edited by Paul Ridgway


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Port Louis – Indian Ocean gateway port

Ports & Ships publishes regularly updated SHIP MOVEMENT reports including ETAs for ports extending from West Africa to South Africa to East Africa and including Port Louis in Mauritius.

In the case of South Africa’s container ports of Durban, Ngqura, Ports Elizabeth and Cape Town links to container Stack Dates are also available.

You can access this information, including the list of ports covered, by going HERE remember to use your BACKSPACE to return to this page.


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QM2 in Cape Town. Picture by Ian Shiffman

We publish news about the cruise industry here in the general news section.


Naval News

Similarly you can read our regular Naval News reports and stories here in the general news section.



We are exactly what our history made us to be.”
― Stephen Richards.”



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